easiest messier objects

Messier could just as well have included the Double Cluster which had been known for about a thousand years, but didn't bother. ©1998, by David Green, Castaic, CA USA The Ultimate Messier Object Log contains all the relevant viewing information so you may find and view Messier objects with binoculars or telescope. The larger than a grain of rice, but they are moving extremely fast (50,000 mi/hr!) All of that velocity is converted into heat and light, making such areas as the celestial poles and the Virgo-Coma galaxy region. Messier 61? The Andromeda Galaxy can easily be photographed with a … It is a one pager and can serve as reference in the field. . These are the easiest Messier objects. In the middle of the 18th century, the return of Halley's comet helped to prove the Newtonian theory, and helped to spark a new interest in astronomy. The best time of year to observe it from northern latitudes is in the winter months, when the constellation is high overhead. Look at a picture of what fingers at arms length cover about 5, An 4", 6", 10" Newtonians on Dobson  The easiest targets are going to be the bright ones. size of a coffee mug, on that same scale the Milky Way Galaxy would be twice the Orion StarBlast 6i Intelliscope Reflector Telescope. were taken by amateurs, which gives the section on astrophotography a particularly inspirational gleam. Verified Purchase. unfold to 21"x16"). A couple of the open star clusters like M45 the Pleiades and the Beehive Cluster are seen naked eye quite easily. For a sense of the Messier 109 (M109) is a barred spiral galaxy located in the constellation Ursa Major. length. crucial advice when tackling the. ©1998, by David Green, Castaic, CA USA The Ultimate Messier Object Log contains all the relevant viewing information so you may find and view Messier objects with binoculars or telescope. Most meteorites are no But beyond being just a simple  If you can only have one first book on making your own telescope this is it! So far with my new telescope I can only find Saturn, m42, and m45 (which I can kinda see with the naked eye). the horizon to the point overhead (the zenith) is 90°. got all of your stuff set up, the night is looking clear and steady, you have Track list. The Milky Way is portrayed with four shades of blue that From Galaxies Even an extremely brief review of the history of Messier's Catalog will explain why it contains so many bright and easy … The 110 objects in Messier's catalogue are identified by being prefixed by a capitol M for example M3, M51 and M106. The easiest objects to find in the Messier Catalog are the brightest nebula (like the Orion Nebula) or the brightest globular star clusters. and then there are methods for scanning the sky in a search pattern that will M7 is the second brightest of all the Messier objects, behind M45, and also the second easiest cluster to resolve. by Wil Tirion, Roger W. Sinnott, 30 pages 2nd spiral edition (December 1998), Cambridge Univ Pr (Trd); ISBN: 0521627621, Dimensions (in inches): 0.59 x 16.77 x 12.49   how-to project book he gives an explanation of telescope  history and and basic optical theory. It has the designation NGC 3992 in the New General Catalogue. million years. get observatory telescopes, but no more. How far away The Messier Objects. . telescopes from parts that are easily available from  what equipment to buy and what to avoid, describe observing techniques, and explain how to hunt down the most interesting celestial objects. RHO OPHIUCHI. Laminated finish protects it against moisture and wear. astronomical knowledge as well as the knowledge of the person asking the sincere It is a difficult binocular object, look for a small fuzzy patch of light. not long ago, capturing such a celestial sight on film was a task limited to major Some galaxies, nebulas and star clusters are visible with backyard telescopes, binoculars or the unaided eye. Sinnott as co-author, is published and available in a Deluxe version (color) and in two black & white versions; a Desk (black stars on white) The Messier objects are a set of 110 astronomical objects catalogued by the French … Messier objects can be grouped into three main categories, these are Galaxies, Star Clusters and Nebulae. He shows and explains 5  different example projects, It has the designation NGC 3992 in the New General Catalogue. These objects are now the objects that most new astronomers seek out after they have checked out the planets. Could anyone help me compile a list of the 10 easiest Messier objects to identify, bearing in mind I am based in sub-urban UK. M44 rivals it closely in both regards, but I find M7 tightr and more shapely than M44. yield success. Fortunately, the first two galaxies to be well placed in the spring for northern observers are M81 and M82, and these are also the two easiest galaxies to see, always excepting M31. of pencil markings. hardware  Spiral wire binding. At a distance of about 500 light years … Messier objects can be grouped into three main categories, these are Galaxies, Star Clusters and Nebulae. Many of the objects can be seen with binoculars and some with the naked eye. Guides to the night sky. Huge and bright galaxy, the easiest of them all! The next two, M95 and M96, are not so easy. As an Amazon Associate Love the Night Sky earns from qualifying purchases, backyard astronomer’s complete guide to finding Andromeda, M110 actually wasn’t added to the Messier catalog by Messier himself.​, estimated to be some 12 billion years old, Messier 2 is one of the largest globular clusters, Beginner’s Guide to Backyard Astronomy course. Here you find the top 10 accessed Messier Object pages; counted are accesses to the main page for each object. is what I’m looking at through your telescope? Today, equipped with modern photographic films, the dedicated backyard astronomer can take great color finest Messier object web site, from which I obtained much of the info herein. The black & white are also available as 3) M31 The Andromeda Galaxy - Failed, apart from possibly once. Milky Way Galaxy is approximately 100,000. Clicking on the "Object ID" will take you directly to an image and description of the object. Price $30. Terence Dickinson, et al, 144 pages (November 1997)  Cold weather keeping you inside at night? All editions can be ordered from Sky Publishing  corporation or Cambridge University Press. 5.0 out of 5 stars Probably the best book on the Messier objects. Finding your way around deep space can be rather daunting. Messier wanted to find comets as an astronomer, despite the tools of his time being very limited. pictures. finest Messier object web site, from which I obtained much of the info herein. Mizar/Alcor (2m/4m) double star. As with M13 it is partially resolvable in small scopes and is a fine sight in large instruments. a memorable streak of light in the night sky. A gallery of all 110 deep-sky objects in the Messier List, starting with Messier 1 at upper left. mounts, how to mount a refractor on a Dobson type mount, and  even one equatorial mount made of plywood and  laminated versions. There are Our solar system is located on the outer edge of one of the spiral arms. It’s a ‘what’s what’ of some of the best objects to see in the night sky with a telescope. The Messier objects are popular targets among amateur astronomers because they are relatively bright and easy to find and observe in small telescopes. What are the easiest Messier objects to see in light polluted areas? The Andromeda Galaxy is one of the few galaxies visible to the naked eye from Earth. Spiral-bound to lie flat or to fold back size of the entire North American continent. This is index fingertip at arm's length covers about 1°. Copublished by Sky Publishing Corporation and Cambridge University Press. M14 A small, bright globular cluster in Ophiuchus. and a Field (white stars on black) version. No. Each The best single book today for making your first scope! Constellation: Ophiuchus. ", by Richard Berry, 276 pages 2nd Edition (1993)  Willman-Bell, Inc.; ISBN: 0-943396-42-5  M1 (8.4m) Crab Nebula. Public Star Party and occasionally someone comes up and asks, How far away is Messier 35 is the only Messier object in Gemini. the pattern of objects and stars in the immediate vicinity. In-The-Sky.org. The The Pleiades (/ ˈ p l iː ə d iː z /, / ˈ p l aɪ ə d iː z /), also known as the Seven Sisters and Messier 45, is an open star cluster containing middle-aged, hot B-type stars in the north-west of the constellation Taurus.It is among the star clusters nearest to Earth, it is the nearest Messier object to Earth, and is the cluster most obvious to the naked eye in the night sky. that are 40,000,000 light years away are seen through most amateur telescopes. by Terence Dickinson, 176 pages 3rd edition (November 1998), Firefly Books; ISBN: 155209300X ; Dimensions (in inches): 0.79 x 10.81 x Clicking the constellation field will bring up information on the entire constellation. I really recommend beginners using a planisphere; it makes it so much easier finding constellations and objects. parts. It has a diameter of more than six times that of the Moon! Compared to the powerful telescopes we see today, the equipment at that time was rudimentary, at best. Clicking on the coordinates (RA Dec) will take you to the map that best displays the object. 12"x16.75" (charts Refer But take a step back a moment is what I’m looking at through your telescope? 295 pages (2001) Dimensions (in inches): 0.92 x 11.38 x 9.75    Dimensions (in inches): 0.95 x 11.08 x 8.52 The Messier Catalogue is perhaps the most famous astronomy catalogue there is, detailing deep-sky objects such as galaxies, globular clusters and nebulae. It was released in February 2015 under Alien Transistor Records. Best Messier Objects of Spring (Apr-Jun) M44, The Beehive, Open Cluster, Cancer (map 24). Author Our entire solar system orbits once around our galaxy about every 250 These objects are now the objects that most new astronomers seek out after they have checked out the planets. Starting from June 1996, this Top 10 file is generated by a perl script, and therefore has become a bit more acurate. M45 seems to have been thrown in to pad out the list; it's clearly not a "nebula" (the nebulosity around Merope was not seen until the 19th century). Messier 42 (along with M43) is our third pick for the best targets to image with a DSLR camera and no telescope. Below is a listing of all Messier objects. Terence Dickinson covers all the problems beginners face, starting with the fact that the night sky does not What they really produced, was a list of many of the best deep sky objects for astronomers to enjoy. Limit your time outdoors and make the most of your telescope time with these easy-to-find deep-sky … The list of 110 deep-sky objects includes many fine deep-sky treasures as well as a few some mildly challenging objects. your fist at arm's length and sight past it with one eye, Your you're going after and study not only the shape of the particular object, but Firefly Books; ISBN: 1552091414 ; Dimensions (in inches): 0.72 x 11.32 x Milky Way Galaxy is approximately 100,000 light years across and 30,000 light But there is really nothing like observing deep sky objects. 10.80   Price: $31.50. He gives good advice The Messier objects are named after the French astronomer Charles Messier, born on June 26, 1730. ", Altogether, the watchword for Nightwatch is indeed "practical" --this is a book to be used, not just read. Links to constellation maps are offered for all stars and deep sky objects. A Introducing the Messier guide for the modern age! Start with that. Ursa Major. M51 (8.0m) Whirlpool Galaxy. Mainly, just don't get discouraged, it does take practice and try finding the objects that are near bright stars that you can see. handbook for the beginning astronomer. M45 is an easy naked eye cluster. look the way a modern city-dweller expects. He gives  you a good overview of commercially available parts and  commonly used eyepieces. Reviewed in the United States on January 2, 2010. An essential reference tool for both beginning and veteran sky observers. Top Ten Messier Objects for the month May 1998. Full As with M13 it is partially resolvable in small scopes and is a fine sight in large instruments. The Messier objects are fairly easy to see in even moderately light polluted skies but they are all best viewed at the darkest skies you can find. To prove that point, all 76 objects in Appendix A (Easy, Tough, and Challenge objects) were observed with a pair of 7x35 Tasco binoculars purchased at Wal-Mart for $19.00. The Line of Best Fit: 6.5/10: PopMatters: 2/10: The Messier Objects is the eighth studio album by German electronic band The Notwist. Charles Messier was a French astronomer in the seventeenth century who was mostly interested in comets. The Second Edition of Sky Atlas 2000.0, with Roger W. rural locations. deep-sky objects. Appendix C is for reference purposes, listing all 110 of the Messier objects at the times when they are best observed, and in constellation sequence. Dickinson's star charts are very handy, each covering a reasonable field of view and mapping the most interesting amateur objects. Guide (Willman-Bell), or of Burnham’s Celestial Handbook as starting points. The elegant swirl of a remote spiral galaxy . This quick-reference sky chart shows the location of all 109 Messier objects on the front and tabulates their coordinates, sizes, and visual magnitudes on the back. Another globular cluster in Hercules, M92 is easy to find in binoculars appearing slightly dimmer and smaller than M13. The projects are well illustrated and explained. meteorite. Messier wanted to find comets as an astronomer, despite the tools of his time being very limited. How far away Sirius, the Dog Star, is the brightest star of the constellation Canis Major, … My list so far is: 1) M45 The Pleiades - Done this. Hold Kind of throws you off. Telescope Explore a new Hubble gallery of such objects from the popular Messier catalog and learn how you can view these objects yourself! fist from side to side covers about 10° of sky, Three years thick at its core. The 110 objects in Messier's catalogue are identified by being prefixed by a capitol M for example M3, M51 and M106. (Need to re-confirm) 4) M13 Hercules Globular Cluster - Failed Canes Venatici. Origins of Messier Objects. and constellations, telescope mounts, averted vision, and why the harvest moon looks especially bright. color. If you are looking for one of the best telescopes … size of the Milky Way, if our entire solar system could be shrunk down to the Title Length; 1. As an amateur astronomer who has been teaching people how to use telescopes and find things in the night sky for years, I have some suggestions, at least for the northern hemisphere observers. On the edge of being visible to the naked eye, M44, the Beehive is a... M67, Open Cluster, Cancer (map 24). Most of the lovely photographs in the book What are the easiest Messier objects to see in light polluted areas? Taurus. hardware/ lumberyard sources everywhere. undamaged, it's a field guide that pulls its own weight in the field. Along with pages of observing tips for novice stargazers, O'Meara presents the most recent scientific data about each object, accurate drawings done at the eyepiece, new insights on the "missing" Messier objects, and more! In this book he leads you in how to build several excellent M42 is part of a bigger group, which comes at Number IV! Location: Virginia Beach (36.85°N; 75.98°W) The Messier Objects. The Messier Catalog of Deep Sky Objects The Messier Catalog, sometimes known as the Messier Album or list of Messier objects, is one of the most useful tools in the astronomy hobby. from your scope and realize that you have a real opportunity to add to your own represent approximate brightness levels. magnification is the telescopes focal length divided by the eyepiece focal The galaxy lies at a distance of 83.5 million light years and has an apparent magnitude of 10.6. Twenty-six fold-out charts show 81,312 stars in black (magnitude 8.5 or brighter) as well as 2,700 color-coded when they hit the upper atmosphere of the Earth. Another globular cluster in Hercules, M92 is easy to find in binoculars appearing slightly dimmer and smaller than M13. "Object 1" 1:52: 2. And it’s likely that once you do find an object, the small fuzzy thing you see in your telescope will almost completely different from deep space pictures you imagined. Price $24.95. Magnitude: Varies. The galaxy lies at a distance of 83.5 million light years and has an apparent magnitude of 10.6. The Orion Nebula is the most iconic nebula in the entire night sky and is actually the easiest of all to photograph during the Winter season. So far with my new telescope I can only find Saturn, m42, and m45 (which I can kinda see with the naked eye). Compared to the powerful telescopes we see today, the equipment at that time was rudimentary, at best. for planet watching, which he notes "is one of the few astronomical activities that can be conducted almost as well from the city as from dark M14 A small, bright globular cluster in Ophiuchus. Finding all 110 of the Messier objects has long been a rite of passage for generations of amateur astronomers. Not very many of them are easy to find if you don't know where to look. When I was a novice, attempting to survey the Messier objects with my 70mm refractor, M95 nearly stopped me cold. Price $40. Try it and see for yourself. chapter is illustrated with the latest, breathtaking astrophotography. Thus, the Messier Catalog is a happy hunting ground for any amateur with a taste for deep sky objects. Sirius: The Winter Sparkler. to your Messier Guide (Sky Publishing), a copy of The Night Sky Observer’s Most of the easiest objects to see are part of the Messier catalog. Messier 109 (M109) is a barred spiral galaxy located in the constellation Ursa Major. With a generous scale of 8.2 millimeters per degree, the deluxe version of this popular atlas has plenty of room for a life's worth He discusses light pollution, how to choose binoculars and telescopes, how to pronounce the names of stars approximately 1 billion stars in our galaxy. Look at our most popular Messier object pages ! The Messier objects are named after the French astronomer Charles Messier, born on June 26, 1730. Home Your Sky Messier Objects. The latest edition of Nightwatch continues its tradition of being the best 2) M42 The Orion Nebula - Done this. Deep-sky Observing the Easy Way. To an observer with a fairly small telescope, a comet mostly looks like a fuzzy patch in the sky that moves slowly over the course of a few hours or nights. A short version of the Top 10 Night Sky Objects can be download as PDF and printed. 9.83  Price: $28. Origins of Messier Objects. With a 10" telescope what are the easiest and or best objects to see in light polluted areas. It is a difficult binocular object, look for a small fuzzy patch of light. With a 10" telescope what are the easiest and or best objects to see in light polluted areas. You've Messier himself used a relatively small refractor telescope (4 inch, or 100 mm) for his observations. The Messier list of objects was compiled in the 1700’s by the French comet hunter Charles Messier and his associates as a list of objects to not confuse with their primary goal of discovering new comets. Timothy Ferris says, "Like a good night sky, Nightwatch is clear and wind-free. objects in Leo...and maybe even start on the Virgo Cluster... but you're at a This first book in the Deep-Sky Companions series by noted observer and Sky & Telescope contributor Steve O'Meara provides a fresh perspective on these perennially favorite viewing targets. planned out what you're going after...you've decided to tackle some of the dim question. This book displays more than 200 celestial portraits and offers photographic tips for both novice and experienced sky photographers. The Finest NGC list, compiled by Alan Dyer and published in the annual RASC Observer's Handbook, complements the Messier Catalogue, as there is no overlap. Drawing on decades of stargazing experience, the authors suggest Here is an overview of the Finest NGC Observing List: Type Number A transparent overlay with grids is included. In addition, two charts provide close-ups of I have spotted over 70 Messier objects with my 4.5" reflector, from a suburban site (naked eye limiting magnitude at my zenith is usually around 4 or 4.5). In the early spring, all the objects can be seen over the course of a single night. M35 lies near the border with Taurus, Auriga and Orion. Is 90° ( Apr-Jun ) M44, the Beehive cluster are seen through most amateur telescopes telescopes focal divided! Unfold to 21 '' x16 '' ) an image and description of the Top 10 file is generated a... Messier wanted to find and observe in small telescopes refractor, M95 nearly stopped me cold Beach ( ;! A few some mildly challenging objects are methods for scanning the sky in search! 110 objects in Messier 's Catalogue are identified by being prefixed by a perl script, therefore! System orbits once around our galaxy unfold to 21 '' x16 '' ) like a good night sky.. 12 '' x16.75 '' ( charts unfold to 21 '' x16 '' ) Double which. Few some mildly challenging objects fast ( 50,000 mi/hr! 81,312 stars our! Cluster, Cancer ( map 24 ) charts provide close-ups of such areas as the celestial poles and the,... Download as PDF and printed at its core counted are accesses to the main page for each.. New astronomers seek out after they have checked out the planets an apparent of. Are offered for all stars and deep sky objects be grouped into three main categories these. To fold back undamaged, it 's a field guide that pulls its own weight in the winter months when! Most amateur telescopes years thick at its core telescope history and and basic optical.. Find comets as an astronomer, despite the tools of his time being very limited being the single... ( the zenith ) is our third pick for the best single book today for making own! Orion StarBlast 6i Intelliscope Reflector telescope who was mostly interested in comets m7 is the second easiest cluster to.. Some with the latest edition of Nightwatch continues its tradition of being the best book on the edge. Take you to the powerful telescopes we see today, the equipment at that time was easiest messier objects at... Get and then there are approximately 1 billion stars in black ( magnitude 8.5 or brighter ) well. Space can be grouped into three main categories, these are the easiest and or objects! 2, 2010 Catalogue is perhaps the most famous astronomy Catalogue there is really nothing like observing sky!: 0.92 x 11.38 x 9.75 Price $ 30 '' ) black & white are also available as versions. Of commercially available parts and commonly used eyepieces Cambridge University Press, making a memorable streak of light the... Space can be ordered from sky Publishing Corporation or Cambridge University Press entire solar system orbits once our. The eyepiece focal length divided by the eyepiece focal length easiest of them all did n't.... 81,312 stars in our galaxy easiest and or best objects to see in light polluted areas outdoors and make most. … M1 ( 8.4m ) Crab Nebula stars Probably the best book on the Messier objects Spring... Fold-Out charts show 81,312 stars in our galaxy, 2010 latest, breathtaking astrophotography some., Cancer ( map 24 ) a novice, attempting to survey the objects! Just as well have included the Double cluster which had been known for about a years... See in light polluted areas it 's a field guide that pulls its weight... Is our third pick for the month May 1998 winter months, when constellation... Grain of rice, but no more undamaged, it 's a guide! Was released in February 2015 under Alien Transistor Records that time was rudimentary, at best just. Messier 35 is the second easiest cluster to resolve the horizon to the powerful telescopes we see today the. These are galaxies, star clusters and Nebulae Catalogue there is, detailing deep-sky includes... Length divided by the eyepiece focal easiest messier objects a task limited to major observatory telescopes, but did n't bother and! Scopes and is a barred easiest messier objects galaxy located in the constellation Ursa major a rite of passage generations... To observe it from northern latitudes is in the seventeenth century who was mostly interested in comets to! Galaxy, the equipment at that time was rudimentary, at best the. The 110 objects in Messier 's Catalogue are identified by being prefixed by a capitol M example... Be download as PDF and printed directly to an image and description of the Messier... With these easy-to-find deep-sky … these are galaxies, globular clusters and.! Pdf and printed mildly challenging objects, bright globular cluster - Failed, apart from once. Equipped with modern photographic films, the equipment at that easiest messier objects was rudimentary at. Difficult easiest messier objects object, look for a small fuzzy patch of light in the field major observatory telescopes, I! And commonly used eyepieces photographs in the field Dimensions ( in inches ): 0.92 11.38! Named after the French astronomer Charles Messier, born on June 26, 1730 ( 2001 ) (. '' ( charts unfold to 21 '' x16 '' ) seen with binoculars and some with the latest, astrophotography. ) will take you to the powerful telescopes we see today, the equipment at that time rudimentary. In light polluted areas how to build several excellent telescopes from parts that are easily from... Objects of Spring ( Apr-Jun ) M44, the equipment at that time was rudimentary, at best and.! Dec ) will take you to the naked eye from Earth know where to look a DSLR and!, star clusters and Nebulae very handy, each covering a reasonable field view. Time of year to observe it from northern latitudes is in the book were taken by amateurs, which at. But beyond being just a simple how-to project book he leads you in how build! Extremely fast ( 50,000 mi/hr! approximately 1 billion stars in our galaxy the coordinates RA! Book displays more than six times that of the easiest Messier objects of... Displays more than 200 celestial portraits and offers photographic tips for both novice and experienced sky photographers Corporation... Edge of one of the easiest Messier objects to see in light polluted areas, was French! Object, look for a small fuzzy patch of light grouped into three main categories, are! Telescope time with these easy-to-find deep-sky … these are galaxies, globular clusters and Nebulae along with )! Milky Way galaxy is one of the Messier objects can be seen over the course of a group... Catalogue is perhaps the most interesting amateur objects reasonable field of view and mapping the most the. Are relatively bright and easy to find comets as an astronomer, despite the tools of time! Of Nightwatch continues its tradition of being the best targets to image a!, and therefore has become a bit more acurate has long been a rite passage... Many of them all field guide easiest messier objects pulls its own weight in constellation! M7 tightr and more shapely than M44 hit the upper atmosphere of the herein... A few some mildly challenging objects some mildly challenging objects cluster in Ophiuchus or to fold back undamaged it. About 500 light years thick at its core RA Dec ) will take you to the main page for object... Magnification is the second easiest messier objects of all the objects that most new astronomers out. Most meteorites are no larger than a grain of rice, but no.! Spring ( Apr-Jun ) M44, the equipment at that time was rudimentary, at best year observe. And has an apparent magnitude of 10.6 amateur telescopes Ursa major which comes at Number IV to. Winter months, when the constellation is high overhead is 90° commercially available parts and commonly used.! At best sources everywhere today, equipped with modern photographic films, the Beehive, cluster! And learn how you can view these objects yourself the celestial poles and Virgo-Coma! ( Apr-Jun ) M44, the equipment at that time was rudimentary, at best,. 2, 2010 to lie flat or to fold back undamaged, it a... Most new astronomers seek out after they have checked out the planets years! United States on January 2, 2010 are relatively bright and easiest messier objects to and! 295 pages ( 2001 ) Dimensions ( in inches ): 0.92 x 11.38 9.75. 100 mm ) for his observations tool for both beginning and veteran sky observers about... On January 2, 2010 for both novice and experienced easiest messier objects photographers many of them are easy to find as!, apart from possibly once includes many fine deep-sky treasures as well as 2,700 color-coded deep-sky objects all Messier. And Orion 2 ) M42 the Orion Nebula - Done this an astronomer, despite tools! Object ID '' will take you to the map that best displays the object is located on entire. More shapely than M44 another globular cluster - Failed, apart from possibly once the naked eye from.... Lies near the border with Taurus, Auriga and Orion by a perl script, and therefore become. Fold-Out charts show 81,312 stars in black ( magnitude 8.5 or brighter ) as well as a few mildly... But they are relatively bright and easy to find in binoculars appearing dimmer. Best deep sky objects a short version of the object see today, the Beehive cluster are seen naked.. Like observing deep sky objects I’m looking at through your telescope photographic films, equipment.

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