The Deir el Qamar Synagogue was built in 1638, during the Ottoman era in Lebanon, to serve the local Jewish population, some of whom were part of the immediate entourage of Fakhr-al-Din II.  Figures in the Hebrew Bible such as Adam, Noah, Abraham, and Moses are considered important prophets of God in the Druze faith, being among the seven prophets who appeared in different periods of history. The word which is the atom of language communicates qualia between humans and represents the platonic forms in the sensible world. Shishakli dispatched 10,000 regular troops to occupy the Jebel al-Druze. Combined with our earlier research showing the northeastern Turkish origins of Ashkenazic Jews, we can explain that genetic similarity via the shared origin of Ashkenazic Jews and Druze. , With the advent of the Ottoman Turks and the conquest of Syria by Sultan Selim I in 1516, the Ma'ans were acknowledged by the new rulers as the feudal lords of southern Lebanon. Mate (in Levantine Arabic, Ù ØªØ© /mÃ¦te/) is a popular drink consumed by the Druze brought to the Levant from Syrian migrants from Argentina in the 19th century.  Today, thousands of Israeli Druze belong to "Druze Zionist" movements.. Through a clever policy of bribery and warfare, he extended his domains to cover all of modern Lebanon, some of Syria and northern Galilee. [page needed] Tajalli is often misunderstood by scholars and writers and is usually confused with the concept of incarnation. , Large communities of Druze also live outside the Middle East, in Australia, Canada, Europe, Latin America (mainly Venezuela, Colombia and Brazil[dubious – discuss]), the United States, and West Africa. However, it has been argued that these two factions were of a political nature, rather than ethnic, and had both Christian and Druze supporters. Ye are now safe from any hand which may bring harm unto you. The rebellion ended in brutal suppression of the Druze by General Sami Pasha al-Farouqi, significant depopulation of the Hauran region and execution of the Druze leaders in 1910. If it is a mausoleum the Druze call it mazÄr and if it is a shrine they call it maqÄm.  To this end, al-Shishakli encouraged the stigmatization of minorities. In the outcome of the revolt, 2,000 Druze were killed, a similar number wounded, and hundreds of Druze fighters imprisoned. In the Epistles of Wisdom, Hamza ibn Ali ibn Ahmad warns al-Darazi, saying, "Faith does not need a sword to aid it". In the Hebrew Bible Jethro was Moses' father-in-law, a Kenite shepherd and priest of Midian, Jethro of Midian is considered an ancestor of Druze, who revere him as their spiritual founder and chief prophet. However, they were less ready for personal relationships with Jews compared to Israeli Muslims and Christians.. On 25 July 2018, a group of ISIS-affiliated attackers entered the Druze city of As-Suwayda and initiated a series of gunfights and suicide bombings on its streets, killing at least 258 people, the vast majority of them civilians.. When this occurs, the soul is united with the Cosmic Mind and achieves the ultimate happiness.. Druze have not proselytized since the 11th century, and the religion remains closed вЂ¦ Recent genetic clustering analyses of ethnic groups are consistent with the close ancestral relationship between the Druze and Cypriots, and also identified similarity to the general Syrian and Lebanese populations, as well as a variety of Jewish groups (Ashkenazi, Sephardi, Iraqi, and Moroccan) (Behar et al. This area borders the Zagros and the Ararat mountains and is the tallest region in Turkey. The Maronite Catholic and the Druze founded modern Lebanon in the early eighteenth century, through the ruling and social system known as the "Maronite-Druze dualism" in Mount Lebanon Mutasarrifate.. As a monotheistic religion, followers of the Druze religion prescribe in the belief of one deity who they say is transcendent, and therefore is incomprehensible.  The Qaysite party represented the Bedouin Arabs who were regarded as inferior by the Yemenites who were earlier and more cultured emigrants into Syria from southern Arabia. Many Islamic states in the Middle East region combine religion and state and don't separate them. Having consolidated his conquests in Syria (1831â1838), Ibrahim Pasha, son of the viceroy of Egypt, Muhammad Ali Pasha, made the fatal mistake of trying to disarm the Christians and Druzes of the Lebanon and to draft the latter into his army. Their religious texts are known collectively as "Kitab Al Hikma", the book of wisdom. The original Druze believed that the sixth Fatimid caliph, al-Hakim bi Amr Allah was divine. Druze villages spread and prospered in that region, which under Ma'an leadership so flourished that it acquired the generic term of Jabal Bayt-Ma'an (the mountain home of the Ma'an) or Jabal al-Druze. During the reign of al-Hakim (996 – 1021) the Druze creed came into being, blending Islamic monotheism with Greek philosophy and Hindu influences. Thus, God is perceived as the Lahut [the divine] who manifests His Light in the Station (Maqaam) of the Nasut [material realm] without the Nasut becoming Lahut. , The Druze follow seven moral precepts or duties that are considered the core of the faith. Bashar Tarabieh "Education, Control and Resistance in the Golan Heights".  Most Israeli Druze identify ethnically as Arabs. Lecturer in population, medical and evolutionary genomics, University of Sheffield, Eran Elhaik consults to the DNA Diagnostics Center. 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