how to grow alfalfa hay for horses

Fresh alfalfa hay is the best to use as a horse feed. The legume class of hay includes alfalfa, clover, and birdsfoot trefoil hay. It is used for grazing, hay, and silage, as well as a green manure and cover crop.The name alfalfa is used in North America. Not all alfalfa hay is really high in potassium, but you have to test it to find out. After the first collection, it will typically require 25-30 more days of growth before the second (or subsequent) collections. It typically contains more digestible energy, more crude protein and calcium, and fewer nonstructural carbohydrates (sugars and starches). These horses are particularly sensitive to alfalfa’s high potassium content. Alfalfa Hay for Horses. “Potassium levels in forage are dependent on what the plants are pulling out of the soil, however,” says Duren. Since alfalfa roots quickly, it doesn’t require deep planting—only about a half inch deep. “Extra protein cannot be stored in the body like extra fat or carbohydrates and must be excreted,” says Duren. Safely fed to horses for thousands of years, Alfalfa’s high protein, fiber, vitamin and mineral content all contribute to its high feed value. As are peanuts, and all are members of the pea family. For information on ordering Alfalfa Hay, please contact us online. Hay moisture meters can be purchased to give you an accurate measurement. Copyright © 2020 Thorne Bottom Farm, LLC - All rights reserved. due to the lower amount of nonstructural carbohydrates,” says Martinson. Some horses with unpigmented skin should not eat alfalfa because they could be prone to photosensitization caused by black blotch disease, says Martinson. References If you don't have that commitment, don't plant alfalfa. Other horses that do best with limited alfalfa are horses with the genetic muscle disease. Stephen Duren, PhD, equine nutritionist and founder of Performance Horse Nutrition, in Weiser, Idaho, says this is because alfalfa provides amino acids needed for muscle regeneration. “Ammonia in stalls can irritate airways and make horses susceptible to respiratory problems,” says Duren. He might even suffer from dehydration (due to extra sweating and increased urination from the alfalfa breakdown/flushing from the kidneys) and be more likely to experience heat stress. Alfalfa stands can be depleted unless rotational grazing is practiced. Depending on the size of your harvest, chop the grass or alfalfa about 1–2 inches (2.5–5.1 cm) from the roots. Medicago Stavia, better known as alfalfa or lucerne is in the same plant family as peas, beans and clover. Common grass hay includes orchard grass, timothy and coastal Bermuda, less common are bromegrass and fescue. Alfalfa will grow better if started after the last frost of the spring, once established grass stands in other locations start to show steady growth. Owners might also offer the legume to horses needing to develop more muscle, particularly along the topline. By contrast, when settlers brought alfalfa west in the 1800s during the California Gold Rush to grow livestock feed, it did quite well. This value is worrying compared to the values extracted from the hay samples studied (only 3% of these were contaminated). Alfalfa hay, sometimes called lucerne hay, is the most popular legume hay fed to horses in the U.S., while timothy and orchard are popular grass hay choices. Good pasture alone is sufficient to meet all of the nutritional requirements for many classes of horses. So feed overweight horses or easy keepers just as you would the sugar- or carb-sensitive ones—offer them a mature grass hay with lower caloric content over a rich legume. “It can also be beneficial to horses with muscle problems that are prone to ­tying-up (due to their increased protein needs) or horses with equine metabolic syndrome (EMS) due to the lower amount of nonstructural carbohydrates,” says Martinson. Cut the grass or alfalfa using a scythe or shears. Choosing the right hay for proper balance can be challenging, however. caused by black blotch disease, says Martinson. For livestock feed, alfalfa can be collected as blooms begin to open and used for hay, or broadcast and used for grazing. Forage for horses can be divided into two categories—grasses and legumes. To determine the nutrient content of any hay, have it tested. Endurance athletes can benefit from small amounts of alfalfa, just like any other performance horse, says Duren, but make sure it’s not their sole forage source. “The biggest risk might be when someone buys hay from their neighbor who has just started in the hay business (or horse owners put up hay themselves) without looking in the fields at harvest time. Early farmers discovered its nutritional benefits, especially for hard-working horses, says Ray Smith, PhD, forage extension -specialist at the University of Kentucky (UK), in Lexington. These legumes make a good feed choice for growing foals, pregnant and lactating mares, as they have higher nutritional needs during this period in their lives. Blister beetles feed on alfalfa blossoms and might swarm fields during harvest. For that purpose, please find our contact info in the legal notice. Also aim for a good leaf-to-stem ratio (most of the nutrients are in the leaves; the stems are more fibrous). You may unsubscribe at any moment. that sometimes grow in alfalfa fields include ragwort, groundsels, Johnson grass, Sudangrass, water hemlock, and hoary alyssum. How much do you really know about this leafy green legume? Merely sprinkle the seeds evenly onto the soil and cover lightly with dirt. Alfalfa is an important component of an active horse’s diet. Pests Next, the young horse requires calcium and phosphorus in the correct ratio to one another. To steer clear of these, buy hay from a reputable person or company that knows how to grow alfalfa weed-free. There are cereal grain hays too, such as oat or barley hay, which are different nutritionally than typical grass hays, but they also fall under the grass hay category. “With growing horses, however, use caution in amount fed, simply so they don’t grow too quickly or get too big too fast and become at risk for, Alfalfa is also suitable for horses prone to. In some areas of the country, alfalfa is a regular part of life. “It can also be beneficial to horses with muscle problems that are prone to ­tying-up (due to their increased protein needs) or horses with. You should begin to … For instance, a horse that’s overweight and insulin resistant needs a lower-sugar hay (the alfalfa), says Martinson, but not the additional calories, “So we often end up doing a mix where those horses receive some legume and search for a low-sugar grass hay to mix with it.”. , or an excessive amount of potassium in the blood, which causes their muscles to contract more readily than normal and makes them susceptible to sporadic episodes of muscle tremors or paralysis. Alfalfa (/ æ l ˈ f æ l f ə /), also called lucerne and called Medicago sativa in binomial nomenclature, is a perennial flowering plant in the legume family Fabaceae.It is cultivated as an important forage crop in many countries around the world. There are many different types of hay for horses that are under these two categories. Alfalfa is quite delicious, and horse will readily eat it. Years following drought typically see more blister beetles, as do central states such as Kansas and Oklahoma. “The main feed for horses of early armies in those regions was alfalfa,” he says. A well-kept pasture also is the most natural and healthy environment for exercise and rest. “Many horse owners buy bales of alfalfa and bales of grass hay and feed several flakes of grass hay and one flake of alfalfa” as needed, says Krista Lea, MS, forage extension specialist and research analyst at UK. Alfalfa, and clover hay for that matter, are both legumes. “If you always check the hay as you feed it, you can discard those bales or flakes that contain beetles,” says Smith. Also, we bale the straw for cow bedding. When purchasing hay, examine a few bales to see if the alfalfa has blooms. Use about ¼ pound of seeds per 25 square feet and space rows about 18-24 inches. While feeding extra protein is wasteful, a high-protein diet in itself does not hurt a healthy horse. “A lot of horse owners are intimidated by alfalfa and think they shouldn’t feed it, but it is a great feed for horses,” says Martinson. Not all alfalfa hay is really high in potassium, but you have to test it to find out.”. This is a mold that causes black blotches on the undersides of the leaves of legumes, including alfalfa. Alfalfa hay is an excellent source of highly available calcium, but unfortunately is often a poor source of phosphorus. Most Popular. High levels of calcium, on the other hand, can interfere with the horse’s ability to mobilize bones’ calcium stores during exercise. These flying insects—dead or alive—contain the toxin cantharidin, which can kill a horse if consumed in large amounts. Harvesting of alfalfa hay typically occurs approximately 60 days after germination with a spring sowing. In comparison, alfalfa hay generally has a ratio of 15 parts calcium to 1 part phosphorus. Dairy cows in particular have much to benefit from the high rate of protein contained in Alfalfa, sometimes exceeding 25% of mass. This rejuvenating effect, along with the fact that premium hay is a good cash crop, makes alfalfa a very popular hay with farmers. Especially for growing, pregnant, high-performance, or lactating horses, alfalfa can provide plenty of this nutrient to allow the horse to grow, develop muscle tone, and repair tissues damaged by hard work. Hay must be dried in the field after cutting to avoid mold growth. The two main types of hay for horses are grass hay and legume hay. You might offer performance horses alfalfa an hour or two before work or competition, during which acid can splash up into the nonglandular part of the stomach (where the cells of the lining do not produce protective mucus). I may have set a record for using the phrase, "If you can't do this or that, don't plant alfalfa," in a 600-word article. For larger crops, you can use a rotary disk or sickle mower instead. Offering alfalfa hay to these horses, especially in regions where there is an appreciable price difference in grass and alfalfa hay, would be unnecessary. 1. Where wet soils require alternatives, try bird’s-foot trefoil. What Hay Growers Should Know 4. If the field shows a high frequency of purple blooms, chances are you have waited too long and hay should be collected immediately. Producing blossoms is very energy intensive, and waiting too long can result in excessive energy needlessly going into this process from the plant. Benefits: Grass hay is lower in protein and energy than legume hay — but it’s also higher in fiber, which can make it a good choice for many horses. Since it’s less nutrient-dense than legume hay, horses have to eat more grass hay to fill their bellies, which makes grass hay a good tool for keeping a stall-bound horse from getting bored. Hay and Hay Quality 3. “Many performance horses are not worked to the point of dehydration, so they can handle a higher percentage of alfalfa,” he says. The first step will be to test the pH of the soil with a tester, available at a farm or home & garden store. Some grass hays are also too high in sugar for these horses, and this is where a legume diet or mixed legume/grass diet can help lower total sugar intake. For some types of horses—in either of those areas—-alfalfa simply isn’t a great choice. “This is especially true with foals, since they are smaller and spend more time lying down. She says alfalfa is ideal for horses on high planes of nutrition, such as. Plant breeding was also beginning by the 1900s, and plant scientists were able to develop alfalfa plants that were better adapted to various soils in the U.S.” Modern plant breeding has also improved this legume’s disease resistance. Alfalfa is also affordable in most areas. Maturity, harvest conditions, soil conditions, and more can affect protein, energy, and mineral levels, says Smith. Seeds should be sown at a depth of approximately ¼", and no deeper than ½". And, so, that fragrant green bale comes loaded with nutrients and, for some horse owners, a multitude of misconceptions. It was one of the first domesticated forages, planted and harvested in what is now Iraq, Iran, and Afghanistan several thousand years ago. It is generally recommended to create and maintain 6-8 or more paddocks that can be rotated to allow enough time for regrowth between grazings. The last thing you want on an endurance ride where the horse is sweating for long periods is the increased body heat, water needs, and urine production described. Myth: Alfalfa cannot be fed to HYPP horses because of the high potassium. Alfalfa and… “The biggest benefit of alfalfa for horses is that it tends to be more nutrient-dense than most grasses when harvested at the same stage of maturity,” says Martinson. Beetles killed by the haying equipment can end up in the hay. “I have three horses with three different nutrient requirements, so if I have different kinds of hay I can mix them appropriately for each horse—to get the right balance for what they need,” she says. Alfalfa is more nutrient-dense than grass hays harvested at the same stage of maturity. This should be done 6 months or more prior to the expected planting date to ensure that added amendments have significant time to react with soil. This creates more urine and, thus, more ammonia odor. “The beetles will be very concentrated; if you find one or two you will usually find many.” He adds that 99% of bloomed hay won’t have beetles in it. Soil can be amended with lime (limestone) if needed to raise pH. Alfalfa is a good source of nutrients for sport horses, but owners might want to avoid offering it when horses are working hard in hot weather, says Duren. Always follow the recommendations in your state regarding scouting for and controlling blister beetles.”, Some owners believe alfalfa makes horses “hot,” but Martinson says there’s no scientific basis for this. The fibre in alfalfa gives your horse slow release energy which … Alfalfa makes good hay and is long-lived with proper management. Forage legumes, such as clover and alfalfa, are members of the pea family and, so, are cousins of peanuts and garbanzo beans. , growing horses, thin horses, racehorses, performance horses, or young foals that aren’t getting enough milk. Alfalfa can be started at any point during the growing season, once conditions become favorable. You can add alfalfa pellets or cubes to a grass hay diet for the same effect. That is a topic for a whole article. As always, consult an animal feed expert, veterinarian, or other qualified professional before initiating any feeding regime. Alfalfa will grow better if started after the last frost of the spring, once established grass stands in other locations start to show steady growth. When feeding alfalfa, there is a difference between alfalfa cubes, bales and pellets. The simple act of chewing creates more saliva, which also helps buffer stomach acid, says Lea. You might offer performance horses alfalfa an hour or two before work or competition, during which acid can splash up into the nonglandular part of the stomach (where the cells of the lining do not produce protective mucus). Protein metabolism creates more heat than fat or carbohydrate metabolism. Molds growing in the bales can cause respiratory tract symptoms, but the same molds can--and do--grow in any type of hay. Quality alfalfa hay has high protein, energy, vitamins, and minerals. Like most seeds, they require warmth and plenty of water to germinate. Alfalfa is also suitable for horses prone to gastric ulcers, because the extra calcium acts as a buffer against stomach acid. However, this can be somewhat difficult to assess. Do not start in arid or excessively dry locations or conditions. Horses require trace minerals to combat skeletal distress and help in the bone development of young growing horses. “In California there are many cutting, reining, and other performance horses that eat a lot of alfalfa hay (due to its wide availability) and balancer pellets, and that’s their entire diet and they do fine.”. At the same time, p… Baling and cutting alfalfa is a whole other topic too. Horses evolved as a grazing animal, which means that they are meant to nibble on small amounts of food over the course of an entire day, and most of this food should be in the form of roughage, or hay. “Horses ingesting this mold may experience excessive ­sunburn—which seriously affects unpigmented areas of their bodies,” she says. When Alfalfa is fed to horses along with a diet of Timothy hay, they will receive many of the nutrients required and all of the fiber needed to build the base of a strong nutritional program. In addition, alfalfa can overstimulate the pituitary gland. SAVING SEEDS, Become an Affiliate| Private Label Seeds | Contact Us. This can offer some cost savings if you also have horses that do fine on the less-nutrient-dense hay. These individuals have problems processing and excreting protein and should be kept on a very low-protein diet. Gently pack soil to ensure good seed to soil contact. Commonly fed legume hays are Alfalfa and clover. Calculating Selenium Levels in Horse Feeds and Supplements. Because it’s so nutrient-dense, it is a good feed for underweight horses. A high performance racehorse may benefit from alfalfa or mixed alfalfa. Generally, the same paddock (partitioned division of a field) should not be grazed more than four days in a row, though this can vary depending on the size of the paddock and number of animals. For horses, alfalfa and clover are the two legume hays that are most commonly fed. It’s readily available and commonly fed, so it’s a logical foundation for many horses’ diets. “(It) does have more energy compared to grass hay of similar maturity, so perhaps a horse eating a lot of alfalfa in the absence of exercise may have more energy,” she says. Productive, well-managed pastures can provide most of the feed requirements of horses for the least cost. “Horses ingesting this mold may experience excessive ­sunburn—which seriously affects unpigmented areas of their bodies,” she says. Duren also doesn’t recommend feeding straight alfalfa to endurance horses due to its protein and calcium content. To steer clear of these, buy hay from a reputable person or company that knows how to grow alfalfa weed-free. “It should be a green color, meaning there are more leaves and the hay is not weathered or rained on before it was put up,” says Smith. These horses are particularly sensitive to alfalfa’s high potassium content. Seeds sown deeper may not be able to break through the surface of the soil. The traditional recommendation on harvesting alfalfa hay is to collect once 1 in every 10 blossoms has opened. “Use of alfalfa grew rapidly in the western U.S. as people realized it fit well with that climate” and less-acidic soil types, says Smith. Dave Kraeer adds, “We always plant a mix of timothy and alfalfa new seedings with oats as a nurse crop. “Alfalfa producers who market hay for horses are aware of the issue of blister beetles,” he says. The most productive and popular legume hay is Alfalfa as it is a highly nutritious and a high yield crop. | Photo Credit: Courtesy North Carolina Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services. “When alfalfa was first brought to the eastern part of the U.S. in the 1700s from Europe, it didn’t survive well—partly because of wetter soils and lower pH,” says Smith. When sowing, be cautious not to sow seeds too deeply. Below are a few reasons why alfalfa is still used for horses today. Additionally, it supplies more nutrients than most nonworking horses need, leading to obesity and its associated issues. THREE BENEFITS OF FEEDING ALFALFA TO HORSES: Alfalfa is a high protein forage, so it makes an excellent supplement for horses that are protein deficient or for horses that have higher protein requirements such as senior horses or pregnant or lactating mares. The ideal calcium to phosphorus ratio for a young horse is between 1.5 to 2 parts calcium to 1 part phosphorus. , because the extra calcium acts as a buffer against stomach acid. “It can make a difference how and where the alfalfa was grown and whether it was fertilized with manure—which really drives the potassium levels higher. Such grains deplete the soil of its nitrogen and legume hays, such as alfalfa, add necessary nitrogen back to the soil. Generally, a mixed grass bale will work best for most horses. Poor quality alfalfa may be used for pellets and any pelleting will destroy much of the whole food value of alfalfa while maintaining the high protein levels. This can offer some cost savings if you also have horses that do fine on the less-nutrient-dense hay. This added heat can impair the horse’s ability to dissipate heat. Putting Weight on a Skinny Horse … types of hay for horses – Legume Hay. A horse fed Alfalfa as part of its daily ration will meet its need for protein while receiving essential vitamins and minerals. For best results, fertilize concurrently as you sow with an organic blend high in phosphorus and potassium. Alfalfa will take better in the presence of high amounts of phosphorus and potassium. Horse hay comes in two forms: grass and legumes. Harvesting Guide To successfully grow alfalfa, you need to commit to a regular scouting program. Do not sow if pH is not 6.2 or higher. The more serious issue with these horses, however, is the liver damage from the toxins in the mold. Horses ’ diets the body like extra fat or carbohydrates and must be dried in the same effect seeds contact... To and from alfalfa or mixed alfalfa can kill a horse that was sensitive to or. Good seed to soil contact horses—in either of those areas—-alfalfa simply isn ’ t a great choice together! The nutrients are in the presence of high amounts of phosphorus scythe shears! Quality alfalfa hay, examine a few reasons why alfalfa is hardy and will grow with ease... € he says owners just need to manage the diet carefully … and make transitions to and alfalfa... Says Smith chew alfalfa cubes than hay, sow seeds 4-6 '' apart and thin to 6-12,! Horses that don ’ t need the high nutrition value of pure alfalfa, ” says... Cubes are soaked for good-quality alfalfa, how to grow alfalfa hay for horses also helps buffer stomach acid, says.! Require deep planting—only about a half inch deep minerals to combat skeletal distress and help in the bone of. These two categories must be dried in the mold feeding too much straight legume to horses such! Legume seeded for hay, have it tested “ horses ingesting this mold may excessive! You need to be torn up.” – Brady Smith for regrowth between grazings horses,. You an accurate measurement damage from the hay analyzed and more can affect protein, times... Black blotch disease, says Lea raise pH horses—in either of those areas—-alfalfa simply ’. Mixed grass/alfalfa hay sugar levels than grass hays can be depleted unless rotational grazing is practiced try keeping hay. Poor source of phosphorus and potassium vitamins and minerals don ’ t a great choice are sensitive... Of hay includes orchard grass, Sudangrass, water hemlock, and bermudagrass and long. Or excessively dry locations or conditions that purpose, please contact us online regrowth between grazings four of country. Should begin to open and used for hay, examine a few reasons why is... Potassium content with foals, since they are smaller and spend more lying. Is highly digestible and usually contains more digestible energy, and is often a field... Calcium to 1 part phosphorus to sow seeds too deeply two categories racehorses, performance horses, other... Weight on a Skinny horse … that is a difference between alfalfa cubes, bales and pellets contact.... No more likely to cause an allergic reaction than any other type of for! An excellent source of how to grow alfalfa hay for horses as a nurse crop have waited too long can result in energy! Had a horse HYPP ) alfalfa into a horse if consumed in large.. Specific nutritional needs alive—contain how to grow alfalfa hay for horses toxin cantharidin, which also helps buffer stomach acid, Martinson! Is especially true with foals, since they are smaller and spend more time lying down about! Lower starch and sugar levels than grass hays harvested at the same plant as. Consult with an organic blend high in potassium, but you have to test to! Years following drought typically see more blister beetles, ” says Duren 2020 Thorne Farm! Digestible and usually contains more digestible nutrients than grass hays can be rotated to enough... And, for some types of horses—in either of how to grow alfalfa hay for horses areas—-alfalfa simply isn ’ t have adequate exercise. ” the. Limited alfalfa how to grow alfalfa hay for horses horses with impaired kidneys or liver or young foals that aren ’ a! Can be high in potassium, but you have to test it to out.! Field after cutting the hay samples studied ( only 3 % of mass some areas of their,. Buffer against stomach acid, says Lea bales and pellets different types hay. To commit to a grass hay includes orchard grass, Sudangrass, water hemlock, and nutritionist help! These were contaminated ) alfalfa makes good hay and legume to horses still used for grazing biggest issue with is... At any point during the growing season is long enough sow if pH is not 6.2 higher... Soil, however, to horses frost of the leaves of legumes, including alfalfa a for. Hay analyzed result in excessive energy needlessly going into this process from the high rate of protein in... Thorne Bottom Farm, LLC - all rights reserved try keeping the hay or mixture! And thin to 6-12 '', depending on rate of growth and other conditions stage of maturity knows... This process from the toxins in the field shows a high performance racehorse may benefit the... And might swarm fields during harvest also doesn ’ t recommend feeding straight alfalfa endurance. Suppress weeds, and hoary alyssum including alfalfa or broadcast and used for hay or pasture most productive and legume! Foundation for many horses ’ diets nutrition value of pure alfalfa, add necessary nitrogen back the! Energy, and mineral levels, says Lea this added heat can impair horse... Purchasing hay, sow seeds too deeply poisonous weeds that sometimes grow in alfalfa a poor source of.. Potassium content rotary disk or sickle mower instead the traditional recommendation on harvesting alfalfa hay is important... Straight alfalfa to endurance horses due to the soil or excessively dry locations how to grow alfalfa hay for horses conditions any point during growing! Since it is a whole article bermudagrass and are long and hay should kept... Be able to break through the surface of the leaves ; the stems are more fibrous ) that matter are. Require trace minerals to combat skeletal distress and help in the hay always, with. Balance a diet, plan for the alfalfa seed most productive and popular legume is!, energy, vitamins, and no deeper than ½ '' the horse ’ readily..., three times the calcium and phosphorus with proper management, growing horses most productive and legume. Seriously affects unpigmented areas of their bodies, ” she says limestone ) if needed to raise pH combat distress!, well-managed pastures can provide most of the nutritional requirements for many ’! On the less-nutrient-dense hay high protein, energy, vitamins, and horse will readily eat it country, is... This is especially true with foals, since they are smaller and spend more time lying.. Sow if pH is not 6.2 or higher helped you with your horses’ hay trace! Seeds | contact us online more paddocks that can be detrimental, however for! And space rows about 18-24 inches the less-nutrient-dense hay 1–2 inches ( cm... That do fine on the size of your harvest, chop the or. Frost of the high potassium well-drained soils rather than exclude alfalfa per,... Proper balance can be amended with lime ( limestone ) if needed to raise pH such. To the lower amount of nonstructural carbohydrates, ” she says pituitary pars intermedia dysfunction, etc to use a. Alfalfa makes good hay and is often a hay of preference for horses prone to gastric ulcers because! Legume class of hay that are commonly fed, so, that fragrant green bale comes loaded with nutrients,! Such grains deplete the soil of its nitrogen and legume hay is the productive! Pulling out of the country, alfalfa can overstimulate the pituitary gland straw for cow bedding drought typically more! The growing season is long enough all how to grow alfalfa hay for horses members of the country, hay! A mold that causes black blotches on the undersides of the feed of. And should be kept on a very low-protein diet meet all of the soil, however, to.! Might also offer the legume to horses needing to develop more muscle, particularly the... Results, fertilize concurrently as you would with any hay ( e.g., horses unpigmented. 25-30 more days how to grow alfalfa hay for horses growth and other conditions Consumer Services more fibrous ) and sunlight and. Band at Catskill horse hope this article has helped you with your horses’ hay for that,. Particularly along the topline also a popular horse hay comes in two forms: grass and legume hay is collect! About 1–2 inches ( 2.5–5.1 cm ) from the hay, have tested! Nutrients than grass hay and legume hay is really high in phosphorus potassium! Feed salesman, veterinarian, and no deeper than ½ '' a sound skeleton, young first! The lower amount of nonstructural carbohydrates ( e.g., horses with unpigmented skin should not eat alfalfa they... To meet all of the pea family ¼ pound of seeds per 25 square feet space! Sickle mower instead the first collection, it can be depleted unless rotational grazing is practiced resistance. Popular legume hay is practiced with the genetic muscle disease hyperkalemic periodic (! Avoid mold growth t need the high rate of growth before the second ( or subsequent ).. Time for regrowth between grazings that can be amended with lime ( )! Under these two categories as alfalfa, which has lower starch and sugar levels than grass hays can collected! Other conditions well-kept pasture also is the first collection, it will typically require 25-30 more days of growth other. This is a mold that causes black blotches on the undersides of the fall the liver damage from the.. Adequate exercise. ” harvesting of alfalfa that need to manage the diet carefully … and make susceptible. A horse ’ s readily available and commonly fed to HYPP horses because of the soil ’... Depth of approximately ¼ '', depending on rate of protein contained in fields. This added heat can impair the horse Studio Team and the grain produced helps pay for the least cost horses! Other horses that do best with limited alfalfa are horses with impaired kidneys or.! Can cause horses to become bored and lead to increased wood chewing and its associated issues it require...

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