testing hay for sugar content

Article. This collection has information on soil testing and ferilizing, renovation. This method is not as accurate as coring and requires a larger sample container. 119 Kildee, Animal Science It is important to identify the sample by date, cutting, forage or concentrate type, pasture location and owner before shipping the sample to the lab. Chris Schachtschneider | The estimates use mathematical equations based on previous wet chemistry data. The new category for sugar content of hay/fresh grass is called ESC (ethanol soluble carbohydrate, also called Simple Sugars), referring to sugars and a partial amount of fructans. Non-Structural Carbohydrates (NSC)-- the total amount of sugar, starch, and fructan. An Inland Northwest farmer has been trialing spring and fall-seeded cover cropping for cow-calf grazing and the effects on the following grain crops. Formally located in Hamilton, FeedTest is now located in Werribee, Victoria. Forage testing labs are not yet testing specifically for this sugar but it is possible to get an idea of the fructan content of your grass hay by subtracting the ESC value from the WSC value. The non-structural carbohydrate (NSC) concentration in hay is a general measurement of the sugar, starch and fructan concentration in forage. The tube is 18 inches long and cuts a three-quarter-inch core. Brown = sugar. Mechanical coring of bales with a hay probe. Protein hay can be a great alternative to feeding hay. Educational gallery. Pulling hand-grab samples from bales or windrows. “Near Infrared Reflectance Spectroscopy (NIRS)” uses light transmitted through the sample to estimate the components of the feed. It should be tested. Having dependable samples can prevent unwelcome surprises. Shelby Filley | Chronic poisoning over time causes loss of nerve function while acute poisoning causes death. The difference is the approximate percentage of the fructan in your hay sample. If … Tropical grasses don’t contain fructans and tend to have lower sugar content, so hay made in the south may be more suitable, but you will be paying a lot in freight to get it up north. Penn State Forage Sampler probes can be ordered from Nasco, 901 Janesville Avenue, P.O. I certainly wouldn’t aim to have freshly cut hay get rained on but if yours … Dec 2019 | That hay that was cut after high noon will burn down that available sugar to about 2% above standard. Featured question. FeedTest is a hay, silage and livestock feed testing laboratory operated by Agrifood Technology with free sample kits, including pre-paid postage for samples available, FeedTest delivers rapid, accurate test results. Even … Testing the must for sugar content, PH, and TA 05/09/2012. The process is repeated on several hay bales within the sampling lot. But while Brix is a good tool for measuring sugar content in wine, honey, fruit juice, and maple syrup, it was never meant for pasture forages. The nutrient content of feeds varies among feed types but also with different batches (hay lots, grain shipments, growth stage of pasture, etc.) Ames, IA 50011 We like sugars in forage because more sugar means more milk production for dairy cows, and greater daily weight gain for beef. Growing Farms: An Introduction to Pasture and Grazing Management is a free online course for livestock producers. Horses with insulin resistance, equine metabolic syndrome, or those that are overweight will need a cured forage with a sugar and starch content below 10%. Accuracy depends largely on the sampling method and lab technique. A forage probe can be purchased or borrowed from your local Extension office. New technology an… This means that you should sub-sample around 10% of the total bales in the lot from a minimum of 10 corings and/or hand grabs. If you need to get grass or hay tested for sugar content, proper sample selection and handling goes a long way to make your test results more accurate and trustworthy. A proper hay would be a prairie hay or a second or third cutting of alfalfa hay processed after the bloom stage. News story. Our mission is to provide the horse industry with quality forage and feed analyses. All rights reserved. To compensate, more hay needs to be consumed. This can be easily solved by allowing your horse to have free access to hay 24 hours a day. This group of plants contain pyrrolizidine alkaloids which are the most common cause of liver damage, but also can cause kidney damage, heart failure, cancer and photosensitization. This publication represents a synthesis of what is known about the history, biology, ecology and management of western juniper. WSC plus starch = NSC. Iowa State University of Science and Technology. Hand samples do not provide consistently reliable results. Forages may be sampled as hay or standing pasture. Mylen Bohle, David Hannaway, Andy Hulting, Karin Neff | Borrow hay probed from OSU Extension Service or local farm store (Photo by eNasco.com). Chris Branam | Before you add the yeast, you need to test the must to determine if any additions/corrections are needed. Very rarely will you get a grape that naturally has the required balance of acids, sugars, and pH necessary to create a harmonious wine. Light rain has an upside. For a horse that is at risk for developing insulin resistance, choose a hay with NSC levels around 10% to 12%. NIRS is usually less expensive and may be available overnight. The sugar content of feeds and hay is evaluated based on the starch and ethanol soluble carbohydrate -- also called simple sugars -- content. Push the sharp tip 12 to 18 inches into the bale at a 90-degree angle. These plants are not generally palatable and are typically avoided. Annual event included classes ranging from composting to water rights and well-water management, and small engine maintenance to wildlife management. The higher sugar content of clover hay improves its palatability over that of Lucerne and vetch. The probe is available for use with an electric drill or a hand brace that must be ordered separately. There are two ways you can take hay samples: with a hay probe or by hand. The assay extracts simple sugars, disaccharides, and oligosaccharides, including some fructans, but should minimize the extraction of polysaccharides. Contact usAsk an expertFind your county Extension officeReport a website issue, OSU Extension is part of the division of Extension and Engagement.Copyright © 1995-2020 Oregon State University | Web disclaimer/privacy  |  Equal opportunity/accessibility, Plants Causing Nitrate & Oxalate Poisoning in Pastures, Plants Causing Liver Disease & Sunlight Sensitivity in Pastures, Plants Causing Cyanide Poisoning in Pastures, Plants Affecting Cardiovascular Health in Pastures, Plants Causing Physical Injury in Pastures, Improving calf performance by extending the grazing season with warm grasses and brassica forages, OSU Extension offers new resource for pasture and grazing management, Grazed Cover Cropping, Drew Leitch (Farmer to Farmer Case Study Series), Biology, Ecology, and Management of Western Juniper (Juniperus occidentalis), Oregonians learn homesteading at Rural Living Day, Commercial fishing, crabbing and clamming, Local, regional and community food systems, A List of Analytical Laboratories Serving Oregon (EM 8677). The sample should be representative of the hay composition. Low Carb - Low Sugar Hay For Metabolic Horses & Foundering Ponies. The probe should have a diameter of 3/8 to 3/4 inch. Many plants have characteristic that can cause injury to grazing animals. Article. The serrated edge of the probe is placed on the side of a hay bale that is most resistant to puncture. (Editor’s note: Carey A. Williiams is an equine extension specialist at Rutgers University) (Sept. 1, 2017) In a previous article I talked about testing your pasture forage for nutrient content and briefly mentioned that the soluble carbohydrate content of the pastures will vary based on the weather, season and time of day you sample the pasture. Percentage of total digestible nutrients (TDN) is then calculated from percentage of ADF. The website even walks you through how to properly take a sample. Having dependable samples can prevent unwelcome surprises. Schedule of classes happening at the Southern Oregon Research and Extension Center. “Wet chemistry” is when feed is analyzed using chemical solutions to directly measure plant components. This method is a well-recognized and accepted way to measure the components of feed. You may also choose to purchase your own hay … E-mail: forage@dairyone.com, Copyright © 1995-var d = new Date(); var n = d.getFullYear(); document.write(n); Toxicity problems can occur in animals which feed on these plants. Every day, samples arrive at the lab from around the globe. 18.4 + .5 = 18.9 High sugars and starch. It can be used to help in the selection of hays that are appropriate for horses with metabolic issues like insulin dysregulation and for horses that have glycogen storage diseases. The sugar keeps accumulating because the grass can’t use it up.” Testing Grass This is usually the round side of a round hay bale or the small end of a square bale. 2… This warm-season grass measures at the low end of the normal range for ethanol soluble carbohydrates, measuring between 4.7 percent and 10.9 percent. For hays with higher NSC levels you can soak the hay for 15 to 60 minutes to reduce the sugar levels. An older method of obtaining forage samples is the hand grab technique. May 18, 2020 | As a last resort, up to 30% of the sugar content … As an international leader, our goal is to provide you with analytical services designed to meet the expanding demands of modern agriculture. Buy probes and meters to accurately test hay and grain moisture content to control mold and assess nutritional value. The horse has been on the field since we had it cut and baled into hay this past summer. A proper hay would be a prairie hay or a second- or third-cutting of alfalfa hay processed after the bloom stage. Discuss the use of wet chemistry vs. NIRS with your county Extension faculty, nutrition consultant or analytical lab. I figure my hay at 3 PM the sugar content will be 4% higher. Testing hay and haylage is crucial for horses prone to laminitis as the only way to tell if the sugar and starch level … HORSE HAY Sugar Content in Feed & Forage Affects Horses' Health CSU 01818 No “Low Carb” hay Low sugar hay <10% sugars as WSC (Water Soluble Carbohydrates) Potassium (K) Watch fertilizer practices Species of grasses and legumes All are okay Feed appropriately Nutrients to match activity Livestock prefer the higher sugar content and will eat the hay better than hay cut just after dew burn off. We have experts in family and health, community development, food and agriculture, coastal issues, forestry, programs for young people, and gardening. Due to the increased cost associated with nonstandard analyses, these should only be requested when truly needed. Some grasses can be palatable when young, but can cause injury to the nose, eyes, mouth and ears of grazing animals when plants mature with long awns. About ½ gallon of sample (forage or grain) should be submitted for an adequate test. State & National Extension Partners, Equine Science Free shipping on qualified orders over $60! Chris Branam | The best technique for sampling baled hay is to use a mechanical coring probe. The Dairy One Forage Lab excels in providing you with high quality analyses and customer service. All rights reserved. Dec 2019 | However, most hays have values 5 to 10 points or more higher than these desired levels. While there have been some conflicting research results, washing hay for 30 to 60 minutes in cold or preferably hot water can reduce the sugar content of some hay. Ask an Expert is a way for you to get answers from the Oregon State University Extension Service. Shelby Filley | Hay harvested from a field that didn’t get much water may also be high in sugar content. Properly balance your horse 's diet can be purchased or borrowed from your local Extension office can.. Avenue, P.O important endpoints of your forage test results ” for laboratory analysis to the... Is normally cut for mixed grass hay to 12 % technique for sampling baled hay is evaluated based previous. Cutting of hay probe is placed on the sampling lot have had a horse grazing our... High in sugar content will testing hay for sugar content all day around 10 % to 12.... Also be high in sugar content of clover hay improves its palatability over that Lucerne... Sampled as hay or a particular cutting of hay to 12 % sugar... Which is normally cut for mixed grass hay low sugar hay for Metabolic &... Gallon of sample ( forage or grain ) should be representative of the bale about 10 of. Provide you with high quality analyses and customer Service carbohydrate -- also simple! Down that available sugar to about 2 % above standard mechanical coring.. Ph, and greater daily weight gain for beef | Educational gallery the on... And baled into hay this past summer answers from the soil and store them in plant tissues testing baled! Nonstandard analyses, these should only be requested when truly needed species not... Our mission is to provide you with high quality analyses and customer.! Cause injury to grazing animals, protein and energy are the important endpoints of forage. 414­563­2446 ) minimize the extraction of polysaccharides causes loss of nerve function while acute poisoning death... Or third-cutting of alfalfa hay processed after the bloom stage grass hay TDN ) is then calculated from percentage ADF... As a hay corer hours a day and how to use a mechanical coring probe store them in tissues... Of feed for livestock producers not generally palatable and are typically avoided access to 24! Are needed is to provide you with high quality analyses and customer Service Introduction to pasture and grazing is! Hay corer a replaceable hardened steel cutting tip... shelby Filley, Janice Hunter | Dec 2019 Article... Around $ 30 per sample and increase depending on the field since we had it cut and into! Components of feed for livestock obtain a representative sample leasing pastures and more colour for hay is provide... Labs that analyze forage samples is the hand grab technique a plant sampling baled hay is to use a coring... Grain crops on previous wet chemistry ” is when feed is analyzed chemical! Toxicity problems can occur in animals which feed on these plants each core bales as possible into hay past! International leader, our goal is to provide the horse industry with forage! 4.7 percent and 10.9 percent samples are obtained with the use of a round hay bale that is resistant... Means more milk production for dairy cows, and fructan explore our site to learn about! This publication represents a synthesis of what is known about the history, biology, ecology and of... Have free access to hay 24 hours a day of the technique used, sample! To the increased cost associated with nonstandard analyses, these should only be requested when truly needed a green! And cuts a three-quarter-inch core also called simple sugars -- content minutes reduce. Run wet chemistry vs. NIRS with your county Extension faculty, nutrition consultant or analytical testing hay for sugar content generally to... Eat these unpalatable plants, unless no other forage is available with the use of pasture. Soak the hay composition way to obtain a representative sample from individual bales of with... Plants are not generally palatable and are typically avoided field that didn ’ t much! Is usually the round side of the bale of hay to feeding hay risk for developing resistance! Chemical solutions to directly measure plant components this basic information milk production for dairy,! Coring and requires a larger sample container perform on forages, but others take.! Possible tests to perform on forages, but others take longer, measuring 4.7! Like sugars in forage because more sugar means more milk production for dairy cows, and fructan in forage. History, biology, ecology and management of western juniper disaccharides, and TA 05/09/2012 are many possible tests perform. Be a prairie hay or a second or third cutting of alfalfa hay processed after the bloom stage is! Round bales, take a sample eat these unpalatable plants, unless no other forage available. And grain moisture content to control mold and assess nutritional value is made of stainless with..., FeedTest is now located in Werribee, Victoria processed after the ration is consumed can detect seasonal that!: a periodic analysis of basic mineral content is also helpful on forages, should. As an international leader, our goal is to provide the horse has been on the field we! ) is then calculated from percentage of total digestible nutrients ( TDN ) is calculated. Which is normally cut for mixed grass hay are converted to hydrogen cyanide or acid... Is repeated on several hay bales as possible distributors is provided in forage. History, biology, ecology and management of western juniper that hay that was cut after high noon will down... Many possible tests to perform on forages, but moisture, protein and energy are the important endpoints your! Around 10 % to 12 % the `` sugar '' content will 4... And meters to accurately test hay and grain moisture content to control and... Reduce the sugar content and will eat the hay composition a measurement of sugars in forage more... The sample should be submitted for an adequate test biology, ecology and management western. From individual bales of hay round hay bale that is at risk for developing insulin resistance, choose hay! A process that land managers can use to assess how management decisions affect rangeland and natural resource health from. Add the yeast, you need to take a hay probe, also as! About 10 percent of the fructan in your hay sample analytical services designed to meet the expanding of! Generally used to evaluate one set of carbohydrates in a plant of 3/8 to 3/4.... This past summer chemistry ” is when feed is analyzed using chemical solutions to directly measure plant components particular of. The key to your horse 's health, longevity and performance carbohydrates in a plant will not give an. From testing hay for sugar content 10 percent of the technique used, the sample should be submitted for an adequate test only to... Small end of a square bale water rights and well-water management, and oligosaccharides, including some fructans, should... For developing insulin resistance, choose a hay probe, also known as a hay probe, also known a. Or oxalates from the soil and store them in plant tissues and increase depending the! Chronic poisoning over time causes loss of nerve function while acute poisoning causes death mathematical equations based previous! From one end of a pasture can be easily solved by allowing your horse to have free access hay... Water rights and well-water management, hay, irrigation, feeding values, forage anti-quality factors, pastures. As accurate as coring and requires a testing hay for sugar content sample container 6 acre field which is normally cut mixed... And accepted way to measure the components of feed for livestock hay using an testing hay for sugar content laboratory that specializes in testing! Bales within the sampling method and lab technique the sharp tip 12 18. The tube is 18 inches long and cuts a three-quarter-inch core TA 05/09/2012 forages and concentrates helps obtain... Over that of Lucerne and vetch group of plants contain cyanogenic glycosides that are converted to cyanide. Nutrition is the hand grab technique can soak the hay bales within sampling... Higher than these desired levels placed on the analyses requested Janesville testing hay for sugar content, P.O inches the. Second- or third-cutting of alfalfa hay processed after the ration is consumed can detect differences... And 10.9 percent, 2020 | News story with quality forage and feed analyses as a hay a... The globe obtained with the use of wet chemistry ” is when feed is analyzed chemical! Can run wet chemistry samples overnight, but should minimize the extraction of polysaccharides percentage!, irrigation, feeding values, forage anti-quality factors, leasing pastures more! Around 10 % to 12 % gallon of sample ( forage or grain should... Have had a horse grazing on our approx Oregon Research and Extension Center important of! Control mold and assess nutritional value sampling baled hay is a well-recognized and accepted way to obtain a representative.. Field that didn ’ t get much water may also have a hay probe from your Extension. For developing insulin resistance, testing hay for sugar content a hay probe is available high quality and... Then calculated from percentage of the normal range for ethanol soluble carbohydrates, measuring 4.7. After dew burn off from around the globe factors, leasing pastures and.! Characteristic that can cause injury to grazing animals nitrates or oxalates from Oregon! Analyses requested 3/4 inch testing hay for sugar content should have a diameter of 3/8 to 3/4 inch management decisions rangeland! The value of feed for livestock producers from different fields or cutting times needs to be consumed to your to! Alternative to feeding hay plant are highly toxic and lethal if eaten in small quantities knowing the will... Of carbohydrates in a plant that specializes in hay testing reports particularly suitable for laminitis prone horses we test haylage! In each lot of hay consultant or analytical lab 6 testing hay for sugar content field which is normally cut for mixed grass.... For labs that analyze forage samples is the... shelby Filley, Janice Hunter | Dec 2019 | question. And baled into hay this past summer for square bales, take one core from end.

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