smooth bromegrass wikipedia

Smooth brome, is a leafy, sod-forming, perennial, cool season grass that spreads by rhizomes. In the extreme western counties bromegrass-alfalfa pastures are numerous on irrigated land. Very winter hardy. This rhizomatous grass is native to Europe. Spring harvest should be made before jointing or after the early-flower stage of development to ensure maximum smooth bromegrass persistence. As names like poverty brome (B. sterilis) and ripgut brome (B. diandrus) attest, some species are not very useful as fodder because their leaves sclerotize quickly and may even be harmful to livestock due to the high silica content. Smooth brome is a grass that was introduced into the U.S. from Europe in the late 1800s and was widely established due to its resistance to depression-era droughts. This species is both native and introduced. Smooth Bromegrass Smooth bromegrass is one of the most productive and palatable forage grasses available. Media in category "Bromus inermis"The following 77 files are in this category, out of 77 total. Produces a deep root system which helps it tolerate heat and drought, and can grow up to four feet tall. Over-fertilization of smooth bromegrass also can cause problems. This sod-forming perennial grass spreads rapidly through seeds and rhizomes causing pastures and rangeland in Central South Dakota to be increasingly dominated by this grass year after year. Meadow brome is one of the best forage grasses for use in the Northwestern states under intensive rotational grazing systems. The leaf blades and sheaths, which comprise the leaves can be hairless, sparsely hairy or hairy. "Smooth brome" redirects here. Smooth brome emerges early in the season and forms dense cover in grasslands, roadsides, ditches, and moist wooded areas. Cheatgrass (Bromus tectorum) is a particularly troublesome weed across much of western North America (from southern British Columbia to California.). D. L. GROSS . Drilling ensures uniform seed distribution, accurate seeding rates, and uniform depth of coverage. This is somewhat later than would be recommended f… They are commonly known as bromes, brome grasses, cheat grasses or chess grasses. Although less invasive than Kentucky bluegrass, with which it often occurs and is managed, it is also less responsive to management. Meadow Brome (Meadow Bromegrass) is an introduced, long lived cool season perennial. Others, such as meadow brome (Bromus riparius), native to parts of Russia, are planted as forage in the Great Plains of North America. Smooth bromegrass is one of the most productive and palatable forage grasses available. Livestock: Smooth Brome may be used for hay, pasture, silage or stockpiling. Bromus inermis, Variety Not Stated Smooth Brome, Variety Not Stated. It will not tolerate frequent cutting. Our smooth bromegrass seed products use top brome grass seed varieties. Files are available under licenses specified on their description page. Brome grasses are not usually grown as ornamental plants due to most species' nondescript appearance. The plant is characterized by an erect, leafy, long-lived perennial, 46 to 91 cm (1 1⁄2 to 3 ft) tall, rhizomatous and commonly producing a dense sod. Bromus inermis, smooth brome, is a leafy, sod- forming, perennial, cool season grass that spreads by rhizomes. Forms an extensive sod by rhizomes. Estimates in the scientific literature of the number of species have ranged from 100 to 400, but plant taxonomists currently recognize around 160–170 species. Smooth brome looks very similar to a native brome. Bromegrass in Nebraska . Bromus is a large genus of grasses, classified in its own tribe Bromeae. The generic name comes from avēna, a native Latin word for "oats" or "wild oats". Home / Grasses & Grass-like Species / Smooth Brome, Variety Not Stated. [1] Smooth bromegrass (Bromus inermis) is a cool-season grass introduced into the United States from Hungary in 1884. Forage quality of smooth bromegrass The generic name Bromus is derived from the Latin bromos, a borrowed word from the Ancient Greek βρομός (bromós). Rescue grass (B. catharticus), a winter annual introduced from South America into the United States as a forage and pasture grass, and smooth brome (B. inermis), a perennial native to Eurasia and introduced into the northern United States as a forage plant and soil binder, are … Smooth bromegrass is a deep-rooted, sod-forming grass which grows best on fertile, well-drained soils with pH above 6.0. The grass is highly palatable and is high in protein content and relatively low in crude-fiber content. Bromus is part of the cool-season grass lineage (subfamily Pooideae), which includes about 3300 species. It is a cool-season grass that grows best during months with cooler weather, primarily March through June and September through November, Growth Habitat: Smooth brome is a long-lived, cool season perennial. The plant produces numerous basal and stem leaves that vary in length from 4 to 10 inches. There are considerable morphological differences between some species, while the morphological differences between others (usually those species that are closely related) are subtle and difficult to distinguish. Broadcasting brome on the surface with shallow incorporation can result in good stands of brome. History of Introduction: Smooth brome is an introduced grass from Europe, China and Siberia that is now considered to be naturalized in the United States. Erosion control: Since the plant has a … Smooth bromegrass is a long-lived perennial, sod-forming grass that grows best during months with cool weather, primarily March through June and September through November. It was widely planted for forage and erosion control. Bromus species occur in many habitats in temperate regions of the world, including Africa, America, Australia and Eurasia. The optimal timing for control of smooth brome by burning appears to be in boot stage, which may be as early as mid-April in the central Great Plains or in the northern plains. All structured data from the file and property namespaces is available under the Creative Commons CC0 License; all unstructured text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. Within Pooideae, Bromus is classified in tribe Bromeae (it is the only genus in the tribe). The leaves are glabrous or occasionally pubescent, particularly on the sheaths; blades 20 to 38 cm (8 to 15 in) long, 0.6 to 1.3 cm (1⁄4 to 1⁄2 in) wide, flat, with a raised and keeled midrib below; sheaths closed, except near collar, and papery when dry; leaves rolled in the bud; ligates up to 0.3 cm (1⁄8 in) long, rounded, and membranous; auricles absent. Smooth bromegrass is a common pasture and hay grass in the northern United States and Canada, but not in the southeastern United States, as it does … However, mixtures with legumes that will not be harvested before 1/10 bloom are excellent. Brome grass seed, with the best brome seed varieties, is produced by our seed company. Smooth bromegrass (Bromus inermis) is a long-lived perennial, sod-forming grass introduced into the United States from Hungary in 1884. It is compatible with alfalfa or other adapted legumes. Smooth brome was first introduced in the United Most production occurs during the spring growth period, generally peaking in May through early June. Introduced to the United States from Turkey in 1949. Smooth bromegrass is a cool-season introduced grass that spreads rapidly through seeds and rhizomes. It establishes easily and rapidly, which has For best results, smooth brome should be seeded ¼ to ½ inch deep. A sod-forming cool season grass; provides food for livestock. Adapted to soils with fine to medium texture. βρομός and bromos mean oats, but βρομός seems to have referred specifically to Avena sativa (Hippocrates On Regimen in Acute Diseases 2.43, Dioscorides Medicus 2.94, Polemo Historicus 88) and Avena barbata (Theophrastus Historia Plantarum 8.9.2, Pseudo-Dioscorides 4.137). Was historically cultivated in Chile and Argentina by indigenous peoples, who it. Areas with spring frost and little snow cover, meadow brome is a that. 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