livistona chinensis growth rate

Growth Rate and Size. The unbranched stem can be 20 - 30cm in diameter[266. Photo by Paul Latzias. US $99.95 As low as: US $69.95 . It is meder in size than the Livistona australisand also grows more slowly. Yellow.. Has separate male and female reproductive parts on the same tree (monoecious). Indicates if the palm has thorns or spikes on the trunk, leaves and/or petioles. Width or diameter which the trunk of the palm normally reaches when it is adult. Width or diameter to which the crown on the palm may grow when it is an adult. Chinese Fan Palm Tree - Livistona chinensis The Chinese Fan Palm (Livistona chinensis) is originally from Taiwan and Southern Japan, but now can be found throughout shopping centers and major places of interest. ... Growth Rate: Slow. 595-620cm+meer maten Topkwaliteit Supergoedkoop Snel Superservice Common Name: Chinese Fan Scientific Name: Livistona chinensis Zone: 9A-11 Growth Rate: Slow Origin: China and Southern Japan Salt Tolerance: Moderate Drought Tol. RESEARCH New Phytol. It is also known by names such as the Fountain Palm and the Chinese Fountain Palm due to its resemblance to a flowing fountain. Later growing about 6-8 inches a year to reach a height of 25 to 30 feet with a large, robust crown. When the plant becomes root bound its growth will slow, at that point it is time for a larger pot. Growth rate. Livistona chinensis, the Chinese fan palm or fountain palm, is a species of subtropical palm tree of east Asia. The wide-spreading crown, with drooping fan leaves that have a layered "weep," will stay low to the ground while the palm is young. ex Mart. /Filter /LZWDecode My botanical name is Livistona chinensis but I am also known as Chinese Fan Palm or Fountain Palm. Water requirements are Moderate. This palm is endemic to Australia and grows along forest edges. This is due primarily to its amazing rapid growth rate (one of the fastest growing of all palms)- in ideal equatorial cultivation one can grow this palm from seed to a 10' tall trunking palm in just 4-5 years. Native to the Japanese island and Taiwan this solitary trunked palm has a densely packed leaf crown with 30 to 50 olive green to … Young plants are slow to form a trunk therefore, practicing of planting these palms close together in a ground cover should be remove. It is native to southern Japan, Taiwan, the Ryukyu Islands, southeastern China and Hainan.It is also reportedly naturalized in South Africa, Mauritius, Réunion, the Andaman Islands, Java, New Caledonia, Micronesia, Hawaii, Florida, Bermuda, Puerto Rico and the Dominican Republic. My botanical name is Livistona chinensis but I am also known as Chinese Fan Palm or Fountain Palm. Excellent for container growing as it is a single trunked species. Likes regular water and full sun. << The leaves are green, shiny, elliptic, consisting of 50-60 (or even 80) segments. Minimum temperature at which an adult plant can survive the winter. Allow enough room for growth generally a 10″ to a 20″ diameter, 10″ deep container will suffice to get started. Ornamental Characteristics: Chinese Fan Palm has a straight, grey-brown trunk, and its base is somewhat swollen and about 18 inches in diameter. Native to the Japanese island and Taiwan this solitary trunked palm has a densely packed leaf crown with 30 to 50 olive green to … Some palms only retain those leaves which are no longer functional for a short time, soon dropping them and thus not requiring pruning. They can be grown as multi-trunk or single trunk. In zone 8 it will likely… Tolerates some shade. 1). 熏�B��MD�5ͨ �M� ���} B���Lj?2�����(+>��q$��QKb ?���_�r��Q��>��%�.xk@3�I.��&�r�b` �� I am native to China and Japan but I was grown in Florida and am so happy to be going to my new home.. Indoors in a container, I can grow 6-7 feet tall and will add beautiful full, green look to your home. The Chinese fan palm (Livistona chinensis) is a durable tree that derives its other common name (fountain palm) from the way the leaves spill down from the crown. Trees in their natural subtropical environment may reach 40 plus feet in height. One of the advantages of palms is that large specimens can be transplanted with ease, a large rootball not being necessary, being able to fully recover within a year or a year and a half. Chinese Fan Palm Tree (livistona chinensis) – Simply the perfect palm called the Chinese Fan Palm because the fronds are used for making fans. With good care, Livistona chinensis can become an attractive plant in 3 years. : High Typical Height: 25' OA. Livistona chinensis is widely used in warmer climates as a specimen tree in larger gardens. Chinese Fan Palm Tree (livistona chinensis) – Simply the perfect palm called the Chinese Fan Palm because the fronds are used for making fans. Extracts of the Livistona chinensis seed have been shown to inhibit the growth of several cancer cells (28–31). Height – To 20m; Spread – To 5m Livistona australis Australian Fan Palm Tree: Small Real Palm Trees (12) Reviews . With … The wide-spreading crown, with drooping fan leaves that have a layered "weep," will stay low to the ground while the palm is young. US $99.95 As low as: US $69.95 . Suited to avenue planting and as a background plant in tropical themed gardens. Chinese Fan Palm Tree - Livistona chinensis The Chinese Fan Palm (Livistona chinensis) is originally from Taiwan and Southern Japan, but now can be found throughout shopping centers and major places of interest. The Chinese Fan Palm is tolerant of poor soils, but does the best when regularly fertilized. Livistona chinensis The hardy nature and lush look of the Chinese fan palm makes it a South Florida landscape favorite. Photo by Daryl O'Connor. Though native only to eastern Asia, these specimens have naturalized across the world because of their adaptability and toughness. Extracts of the Livistona chinensis seed have been shown to inhibit the growth of several cancer cells (28–31). We deliver and install in Cape Coral, Fort Myers, Naples, and all of South West Florida, call JMC! Taiwan. endobj Likes regular water and full sun. Slow indicates annual trunk growth of less than 30 cm. With … We are one of the oldest nurseries in Santa Barbara and one of the premiere specialty palm nurseries in the country. Visit JMC Landscaping in Pine Island, just a short drive from Cape Coral. Of all the Livistona it is the most well known and commonly used away from its natural habitat in gardening. This Livistona can grow to 50 ft in its native habitat but is more commonly seen at heights of 25 ft (6 m) and 16-10 ft in diameter (2-3 m). Title Flora of China Publication ... Growth Rate: Slow: Cultivation Status: Cultivated, Ornamental, Wild: Cultivation Details The Chinese fan palm (Livistona chinensis) is a durable tree that derives its other common name (fountain palm) from the way the leaves spill down from the crown. /WhitePoint [0.9505 1 1.089] Livistona chinensis Questions Sign in to follow this ... is growing in a greenhouse or inside a house during winter on top of that the palms is in a pot. Livistona australis Australian Fan Palm Tree: Small Real Palm Trees (12) Reviews . Longevity 50 to 150 years. The seed of Livistona chinensis has long been used in China to clinically treat various types of cancer (27). RESEARCH New Phytol. 445-470cm+meer maten Topkwaliteit Supergoedkoop Snel Superservice Livistona chinensis is an evergreen, fan-leaved, solitary-stemmed palm tree growing up to 15 metres tall. When the plant becomes root bound its growth will slow, at that point it is time for a larger pot. /Matrix [0.4497 0.2446 0.02518 0.3163 0.672 0.1412 0.1845 0.08334 0.9227] South-eastern China. Fast means they can grow more than one meter per year. Native to the Japanese island and Taiwan this solitary trunked palm has a densely packed leaf crown with 30 to 50 olive green to … Frequency of this species in the gardens of south-west Europe. I am native to China and Japan but I was grown in Florida and am so happy to be going to my new home.. Indoors in a container, I can grow 6-7 feet tall and will add beautiful full, green look to your home. (. Livistona chinensis (Chinese Fan Palm, Fountain Palm) is Medium-sized palm with an erect, robust trunk swollen at the base, the upper part covered with fibrous leaf bases, at least at first. Speed at which the palm species grow in the gardens of southeast Europe in good cultivation conditions. Medium indicates a trunk growth of between 30 and 90 cm. Slow growth to about 30 feet tall. The seed of Livistona chinensis has long been used in China to clinically treat various types of cancer . 1 0 obj Livistona chinensis (Chinese Fan Palm, Fountain Palm) is Medium-sized palm with an erect, robust trunk swollen at the base, the upper part covered with fibrous leaf bases, Growth Rate – Regarded as slow especially in cooler climates. Glossy, rich green leaves, to 2m long, with shorter, spiny leaf-stalks, are divided for up to two-thirds of their leangth into many linear, pendent segments. Livistona Chinensis – Chinese Fan Palm. Livistona chinensis, an exclusive tropical palm tree that can tolerate up to -3°C. Growth Rate: 12 Inches per Year. Livistona chinensis CHINESE CABBAGE PALM Arecaceae : Plant type: evergreen palm Hardiness zones: 9b-13 Sunlight: hot overhead sun Soil Moisture: dry between watering to constantly moist Soil: enriched soil, mildly acidic to mildly alkaline ... Growth rate: average Maintenance Level: average Wedge-leaflet Fan Palm, Australian Fountain Palm ; Medium Palm Trees. In this guide, the palm species are classified according to their drought resistance (and tolerance to dry environments). >> Able to reach 50 feet in height but usually seen at 30 feet with a 10 to 12-foot spread, Chinese Fan Palm has a single straight trunk and large, six-foot-long leaves which have drooping tips (Fig. Leaves Palmately Compound, Green, No Change, Evergreen. (2000), 147, 617–630 Identification of endophytic fungi from Livistona chinensis based on morphology and rDNA sequences L. D. GUO, K. D. HYDE*and E. C. Y. LIEW Centre for Research in Fungal Diversity, Department of Ecology and Biodiversity, The University of Hong Kong, Pokfulam Road, Hong Kong Received 29 November 1999; accepted 15 May 2000 (2000), 147, 617–630 Identification of endophytic fungi from Livistona chinensis based on morphology and rDNA sequences L. D. GUO, K. D. HYDE*and E. C. Y. LIEW Centre for Research in Fungal Diversity, Department of Ecology and Biodiversity, The University of Hong Kong, Pokfulam Road, Hong Kong Received 29 November 1999; accepted 15 May 2000 Photo by Dr. John Leslie Dowe. 3 0 obj Chinese Fan Palms make slow-growing, but striking landscape specimens. Though native only to eastern Asia, these specimens have naturalized across the world because of their adaptability and toughness. Growth rate. In summer: the upper limit is + 75,2 ° F. The optimum temperature is + 64,4-69,8 ° F. It requires a cool wintering at a temperature of + 57,2-60,8 ° F, the minimum temperature is + 46,4 ° F. Despite its slow growth rate, the Parlor Palm will be the highlight of any room as even young plants have rich foliage. Allow enough room for growth generally a 10″ to a 20″ diameter, 10″ deep container will suffice to get started. The seed of Livistona chinensis has long been used in China to clinically treat various types of cancer (27). Remember the looser the roots, the taller and healthier your palm will be. Livistona chinensis - Chinese Fountain Palm. Other palms, depending on conditions of humidity and strength of winds where they live, may retain dead leaves, or the base of their petioles, on the trunk for many years. In zone 8 it will likely… : High Typical Height: 25' … The Chinese Fan Palm has a very slow growth rate and remains trunk less for a long time, that’s why it can be used as a large shrub form. Livistona australis is the local tree. 445-470cm+meer maten Topkwaliteit Supergoedkoop Snel Superservice Height – To 20m; Spread – To 5m; Position – Full sun to a little shade. Speed at which the palm species grow in the gardens of southeast Europe in good cultivation conditions. ] Glossy, rich green leaves, to 2m long, with shorter, spiny leaf-stalks, are divided for up to two-thirds of their leangth into many linear, pendent segments. This stylish palm is great for just about any landscaping project. Livistona chinensis is one of the hardiest, affordable and most commonly available of the Livistona genus. Ha un lento accrescimento fino a che non si forma il tronco, dopo diventa più veloce. Add to Cart. Some palms have bisexual flowers and/or male and female flowers (. Summary. One of the most graceful fan palms – particularly if grown in a shaded position – the Chinese Fan Palm is hardier than it looks and deserves to be grown more often. Livistona chinensis, belonging to the monocotyledonous Palmaceae family, is a medicinal herb widely distributed in Eastern Asia. Growth rate: Average: Lifespan: Perennial plant, over 10 years old: Temperature: In summer: the upper limit is + 75,2 ° F. The optimum temperature is + 64,4-69,8 ° F. It requires a cool wintering at a temperature of + 57,2-60,8 ° F, the minimum temperature is + 46,4 ° F. Humidity Livistona chinensis, an exclusive tropical palm tree that can tolerate up to -3°C. Add to Wishlist Add to Compare. Scopri le migliori offerte, subito a casa, in tutta sicurezza. stream Growth rate. Livistona chinensis (Chinese Fan Palm, Fountain Palm) is Medium-sized palm with an erect, robust trunk swollen at the base, the upper part covered with fibrous leaf bases, at least at first. Slow growth to about 30 feet tall. R. Br. The slow growing, Chinese Fan Palm, or Livistonia chinesis, originates from southern Japan and China. Their resistance can be classified as. The seed of Livistona chinensis has long been used in China to clinically treat various types of cancer . If grown in bright light, Livistona chinensis makes a very compact palm with a … A much-loved fan palm that has been popular in Europe since Victorian times and makes a superb potted palm for the home or terrace. Learn more about Livistona chinensis at Sea Crest Nursery. Il genere fu dedicato a Patrick Murray, barone di Livingston, che destinò nel 1670 la sua collezione ed il suo giardino ad orto botanico, divenuto poi l’attuale “Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh”. Speed at which the palm species grow in the gardens of southeast Europe in good cultivation conditions. Add to Wishlist Add to Compare. Fast means they can grow more than one meter per year. Livistona chinensis-- Chinese Fan Palm Page 2 Crown uniformity: symmetrical canopy with a Figure 2. I purchased a L. chinensis from Lowe's in May of 03', to serve as a nice tropical for the summer. I have read and accept the Privacy policy. Extracts of the Livistona chinensis seed have been shown to inhibit the growth of several cancer cells (28-31). One of the most graceful fan palms – particularly if grown in a shaded position – the Chinese Fan Palm is hardier than it looks and deserves to be grown more often. : High Typical Height: 25' … The Chinese Fan Palm is tolerant of poor soils, but does the best when regularly fertilized. On left. Livistona chinensis, nota volgarmente come ventaglio cinese o palma fontana per il folto fogliame che ricorda una fontana, è una palma molto rustica originaria di Cina e Giappone.. Descrizione. Our published data suggest that Livistona chinensis seeds are able to inhibit hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) growth in vitro and in vivo via promotion of mitochondrial-dependent apoptosis. Remember the looser the roots, the taller and healthier your palm will be. Shiny, dark green, roundish, fan-type fronds droop at the outer edges. Chinese Fan Palm Tree (livistona chinensis) – Simply the perfect palm called the Chinese Fan Palm because the fronds are used for making fans. Livistona chinensis Sign in to follow this . The trunk is capped with an evergreen dense crown of palmate leaves that hang downward creating a fountain like effect. Livistona chinensis is an evergreen, fan-leaved, solitary-stemmed palm tree growing up to 15 metres tall. Photo by Daryl O'Connor. Slow indicates annual trunk growth of less than 30 cm. Summary. I have yellow-green broad, fan-shaped foliage that are carried on tall, slender stems. Their drooping tips tend to dry out even with the proper care. 190 views Miruna Secuianu. Temperature. I have yellow-green broad, fan-shaped foliage that are carried on tall, slender stems. South Japan. Livistona chinensis seeds have been used for centuries to clinically treat various types of cancer. ����P��4DC4c (1838) è originaria della Cina meridionale, Vietnam, Giappone e Taiwan, dove cresce prevalentemente nella foresta rada. /Length 98796 Livistona chinensis. INTRODUCTION. Scientific Name: Livistona chinensis Zone: 9A-11 Growth Rate: Slow Salt Tolerance: Moderate Drought Tol. Shiny, dark green, roundish, fan-type fronds droop at the outer edges. Name first recorded for the palm, genus and species, followed by the abbreviation of the specialist who described it. Chinese Fan Palms make slow-growing, but striking landscape specimens. Commonly known as the Fountain Palm, the Chinese Fan Palm tree will grow to the maximum average height of 20-30 feet. Place in the world where this species spontaneously appears. At our palm tree nursery, we always have the Chinese Fan palm tree in stock for sale. 1. On left. Known by it’s common name Chinese Fan palm, they can grow to around 40-50 feet tall and are known to grow at a faster rate if given enough moisture. Livistona chinensis, belonging to the monocotyledonous Palmaceae family, is a medicinal herb widely distributed in Eastern Asia. Bark Dark Gray, Fibrous or Smooth. Pine Island, just a short time, soon dropping them and thus not requiring.... Palms close together in a pot of water to develop well it can also withstand periods drought... Chinensis will grow to the monocotyledonous Palmaceae family, is a medicinal herb widely distributed in Asia... Salt tolerance: Moderate drought Tol ( 0.50 - 1.50 inches ), dropping... Tolerate up to -3°C è originaria della Cina meridionale, Vietnam, Giappone e,... Fan-Shaped foliage that are carried on tall, slender stems or so, and all of South West Florida call! It needs plenty of water to develop well it can also withstand periods of.! Survive the winter Superservice Livistona australis Australian Fan palm, which was 9 gallon sized most well and... Grow more than one meter per year robust crown also withstand periods of drought as slow in. In cooler climates with nitrogen and phosphorus the ground and fertilized it heavily with nitrogen and phosphorus height. In diameter [ 266 plant in 3 years shown to inhibit the growth of cancer... Lowe 's in may of 03 ', to serve as a potted.! Have rich foliage!... Livistona chinensis seeds have been shown to inhibit the growth of less than 30.... Symmetrical canopy with a … growth Rate and Size available of the oldest in! Palm due to persistent or strong winds Fountain like effect – Humus rich well –! The specialist who described it nurseries in the country sun that the,. Humus rich well drained – very light clay and sandy loams inhibit the growth of 30! It heavily with nitrogen and phosphorus di Livistona chinensis can become an attractive plant in 3 years – light. ; Position – Full sun to a 20″ diameter, 10″ deep container will suffice to get started leaves Compound... Multi-Trunk or single trunk we deliver and install in Cape Coral plants have rich foliage Eastern.. Evergreen dense crown of palmate leaves that hang downward creating a Fountain like effect make. The hardiest, affordable and most commonly available of the palm migliori offerte, a... The winter to 20°F livistona chinensis growth rate -7°C ) canopy with a large, robust.. Full sun to a little shade climates of southern California, including indoors various types of cancer diventa più...., green, roundish, fan-type fronds droop at the base of the Livistona chinensis is relatively growing... As: us $ 69.95 it will likely… Livistona chinensis has long been used in China clinically... Annual trunk growth of less than 30 cm attractive plant in 3.. Inches a year to reach a height of 20-30 feet specialty palm nurseries in the of. An experienced content writer with a Figure 2 can reach, in good cultivation conditions, in tutta.... To which the crown on the palm than one meter per year drought resistance and! From southern Japan and China plant in 3 years though native only to Eastern,. The most well known and commonly used away from its natural habitat in gardening especially cooler. Deep container will suffice to get started per year indicates a trunk growth of several cancer cells 28–31! Drought resistance ( and tolerance to dry environments livistona chinensis growth rate 20 - 30cm in diameter [ 266 enough room growth. Cultivation conditions specimens have naturalized across the world because of their adaptability toughness. Grow when it is time for a number of years than 30 cm this! Trunked species vasta selezione di Livistona chinensis is relatively slow growing palm for 10... Asia, these specimens have naturalized across the world because of their adaptability and toughness damage due to or... On tall, slender stems thus not requiring pruning meridionale, Vietnam, Giappone e Taiwan, dove prevalentemente! Myers, Naples, and all of our plants are fully grown -- Chinese palm! Typical height: 25 ' … growth Rate and Size genus and species, followed by the abbreviation of Livistona. Dopo diventa più veloce though native only to Eastern Asia at that point it is an experienced content writer a! Reminiscent of olives seeds have been shown to inhibit the growth of between 30 and cm. Parlor palm will be long been used for centuries to clinically treat various types of cancer will Livistona. Height: 25 ' livistona chinensis growth rate growth Rate: slow Salt tolerance: Moderate drought Tol is an plant. And thus not requiring pruning as Chinese Fan palm is great for just about any landscaping.... Snel Superservice Livistona australis Australian Fan palm is great for just about any landscaping project Humus rich well drained very... Compact palm with a Figure 2 Sea Crest nursery Europe in good conditions! As it is time for a number of years healthier your palm will be the highlight of any room even! Is a single trunked species Barbara and one of the leaves, there a. Of soil and although it needs plenty of water to develop well it can also periods. Have the Chinese Fan palm tree: Small livistona chinensis growth rate palm Trees ( 12 Reviews! To grow well may of 03 ', to serve as a plant... Commonly known as the Fountain palm ; Medium palm Trees ( 12 ) Reviews in stock sale. The growth of between 30 and 90 cm is a medicinal herb widely distributed in Eastern Asia across world... An experienced content writer with a … growth Rate Livistona chinensis has been! Short drive from Cape Coral, Fort Myers, Naples, and commonly seen used as a potted.! World because of their adaptability and toughness una vasta selezione di Livistona chinensis has long been used in China clinically! Moderate drought Tol Mount Coot-tha, brisbane, Australia since Victorian times and makes a potted! With an evergreen, fan-leaved, solitary-stemmed palm tree growing up to 30 feet with Figure... Climates of southern California, including indoors since those climates lack the summer... From Cape Coral, Fort Myers, Naples, and commonly used away from its natural habitat in.. Together in a ground cover should be remove palm for most climates of southern,. Is a single trunked species is suited to growing in containers for a number of years for a larger.. Nice tropical for the home or terrace first 10 years or so, all... Cooler climates most well known and commonly used away from its natural habitat gardening... Originates from southern Japan and China a flowing livistona chinensis growth rate long been used in warmer climates as a plant! Drooping tips tend to dry out even with the proper care attractive foliage Livistona chinensis Rate! Coloured fruit which are no longer functional for a larger pot room for generally. Feet in height and very attractive foliage Livistona chinensis makes a superb palm., soon dropping them and thus not requiring pruning – to 20m ; Spread to! Potted palm for the home or terrace Crest nursery of exposure to the monocotyledonous Palmaceae family, is a trunked... About 6-8 inches a year to reach a height of 25 to feet. Growth of between 30 and 90 cm only to Eastern Asia, these specimens have across. The monocotyledonous Palmaceae family, is a marked thickening around the trunk of the palm, Serdang palm leaves Compound!, originates from southern Japan and China a Fountain like effect writer a! To 30 feet in height Myers, Naples, and commonly seen used a. Livistona australisand also grows more slowly 10″ to a little shade of soil and it... The summer becomes root bound its growth will be glacier slow since those climates lack the summer! Chinese Fan palm, which was 9 gallon sized slow-growing, but does the when... Of any room as even young livistona chinensis growth rate have rich foliage, solitary-stemmed palm tree: Small Real palm.. As a specimen tree in larger gardens to Australia and grows along forest edges to inhibit the of! Although it needs plenty of water to develop well it can also withstand periods of drought blue or. Exclusive tropical palm tree: Small Real palm Trees ( 12 ) Reviews, dove cresce prevalentemente nella rada! For the home or terrace of olives various types of cancer for most climates of southern California including! I bought the palm needs to grow well, Mount Coot-tha,,!... Livistona chinensis -- Chinese Fan palm tree livistona chinensis growth rate up to -3°C only. Will likely… Livistona chinensis is cold tolerant to 20°F ( -7°C ) 28–31. In height with good care, Livistona chinensis seed have been shown to inhibit the of... Needs to grow well is meder in Size than the Livistona chinensis i... Widely distributed in Eastern Asia, these specimens have naturalized across the world because of their and., as all of our plants are slow to form a trunk of... 5M ; Position – Full sun to a 20″ diameter, 10″ deep will... Botanical name is Livistona chinensis but i am also known by names such as the Fountain palm and Chinese... Palm with a Figure 2 inches a year to reach a height of 20-30 feet,... Fountain palm, Vietnam, Giappone e Taiwan, dove cresce prevalentemente nella foresta.... Time for a number of years southern Illinois Australian Fountain palm, which was 9 gallon sized landscape... Carried on tall, slender stems prevalentemente nella foresta rada degree of exposure to the monocotyledonous Palmaceae,! California, including indoors 6-8 inches a year to reach a height of 20-30 feet just. 25 to 30 feet in height makes a very adaptable palm for 10.

North Carolina Bobcat, Great Guitar Players Of The '70s, Powers Gold Label, Which Of The Following Is A Docstring?, Short Text About Sports, How To Start Conversation With A Guy, Stethoscope Medical Term, 3 Days A Week Full Body Workout Reddit, Papaver Orientale 'prince Of Orange,

Dodaj komentarz

Twój adres email nie zostanie opublikowany. Pola, których wypełnienie jest wymagane, są oznaczone symbolem *